How are monomers joined together in nucleic acids?

The monomers of the nucleic acid are linked by a link known as N- glycosidic linkage or glycosidic linkage. A glycosidic bond or glycosidic linkage is a type of covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate molecule to another group, which may or may not be another carbohydrate.

How are monomers joined together?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers. In doing so, monomers release water molecules as byproducts. This type of reaction is known as dehydration synthesis, which means “to put together while losing water.”

How are the molecules of macromolecules joined together?

Macromolecules are made up of single units known as monomers that are joined by covalent bonds to form larger polymers.

How are monomers joined in protein?

The monomer of a protein is an amino acid. A large number of amino acid molecules join together by peptide bonds to form polypeptide chains. Two or more polypeptide chains are joined together to form large proteins. Amino acid sequence determines the structure and function of a protein.

What reaction links two monomers together?

The chemical reaction that links monomers into polymers is dehydration synthesis. During dehydration synthesis, multiple monomers come together to form polymers. And these monomers are held together via a covalent bond.

When multiple monomers are joined together they can?

Explanation: Multiple monomers together form a molecule called a polymer.

What bonds hold monomers together?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger molecules known as polymers.

What bonds hold nucleic acids together?

Q: What bonds are found in nucleic acids? Nucleic acids DNA and RNA have both phosphodiester and hydrogen bonds linking them. The phosphate group of the DNA and RNA get linked with the adjacent carbon atoms to form an ester linkage leading to the formation of a phosphodiester bond.

What kind of bonds link the monomers in a protein?

Proteins are made up of amino acid monomers linked to each other via peptide bonds.

What process links monomers of carbohydrates?

When carbohydrate monomers bond together, they form covalent bonds through a condensation reaction. These links are called glycosidic bonds and are named more specifically by the numeric carbon to which it bonds.

What is the name of the process during which a bond between two monomers is broken?

What is the name of the process during which a bond between two monomers is broken? Hydrolysis.

How are macromolecules broken down and used to make new molecules?

Dehydration synthesis reactions build molecules up and generally require energy, while hydrolysis reactions break molecules down and generally release energy. Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids are built up and broken down via these types of reactions, although the monomers involved are different in each case.

Which monomers are joined together to form a starch molecule?

Starch is a polysaccharide comprising glucose monomers joined in α 1,4 linkages. The simplest form of starch is the linear polymer amylose; amylopectin is the branched form.

What is a monomer in biology?

Monomers are atoms or small molecules that bond together to form more complex structures such as polymers. There are four main types of monomer, including sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and nucleotides.

How are biomolecules formed?

Sugar molecules contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen: their hydrocarbon backbones are used to make amino acids and other carbon-based molecules that can be assembled into larger molecules (such as proteins or DNA), used for example to form new cells.

What are the two ways that monomers can be joined to form polymers?

There are two basic ways to form polymers: (a) linking small molecules together, a type of addition reaction, and (b) combining two molecules (of the same or different type) with the elimination of a stable small molecule such as water.

Are monomers joined together by hydrolysis?

Hydrolysis reactions use water to breakdown polymers into monomers and is the opposite of dehydration synthesis, which forms water when synthesizing a polymer from monomers. Hydrolysis reactions break bonds and release energy.

What type of chemical reaction joins two molecules?

A condensation reaction is a reaction in which two molecules combine to form a single molecule.

How are lipid monomers bonded together?

Lipids are not true macromolecules because the monomers are not covalently bonded together. Simple lipids are composed of subunits made of fatty acids covalently bonded to a triose sugar – glycerol.

Why is the bonding together of monomers called dehydration synthesis quizlet?

Why is the linking of two monomers called “dehydration synthesis?” – Because the atoms removed from the monomers combine to form water.

What are the bonds that hold together the different types of macromolecules?

Macromolecules are made up of single units known as monomers that are joined by covalent bonds to form larger polymers.

How are two strands of DNA molecule joined together?

The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between pairs of bases: adenine pairs with thymine, and cytosine pairs with guanine.

How nucleotides are joined together?

Nucleotides are joined together by covalent bonds between the phosphate group of one nucleotide and the third carbon atom of the pentose sugar in the next nucleotide. This produces an alternating backbone of sugar – phosphate – sugar – phosphate all along the polynucleotide chain.

How do the bases bond together in DNA?

The nucleotides in a base pair are complementary which means their shape allows them to bond together with hydrogen bonds. The A-T pair forms two hydrogen bonds. The C-G pair forms three. The hydrogen bonding between complementary bases holds the two strands of DNA together.

What type of bonds are found in biomolecules?

The important primary bonds in biological molecules are; Glycosidic bonds, they link sugars to one another or non-carbohydrate compounds in complex carbohydrates, amino sugars and nucleotides. Peptide bonds, they link the amino acids together in proteins, peptones and other polypeptides.

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