A fume hood works by pulling air away from the user into the enclosure with a blower. The fume hood then filters and vents the air to the outdoors through a facility exhaust system. Alternatively, a fume hood may filter the air to remove dangerous fumes and then return the air to the room.
Are chemical hoods required?
The fume hood is often the primary control device for protecting laboratory workers when working with flammable and/or toxic chemicals. OSHA’s Laboratory standard (29 CFR 1910.1450) requires that fume hoods be maintained and function properly when used.
What is the purpose of the fume hood when working with volatile solvents in the lab?
Fume hoods are designed specifically to provide ventilation for the protection of lab occupants during chemical manipulations. The airflow they provide is greatly in excess of that needed for storage of closed containers of even the most toxic of volatile materials.
What happens when chemical are stored in fume hoods?
Fume hoods are not designed as storage cabinets. When they are used as such, adverse reactions with flammable liquids or other reactive chemicals can occur. Numerous containers stored in a fume hood can impact airflow and decrease efficiency – potentially putting users or the environment at risk.
When should a chemical fume hood be used?
Fume hoods should be used when working with toxic compounds or compounds with a boiling point below 120°C. Fume hoods, or other effective local ventilation, must be provided and used when the materials used will exceed exposure limits in the laboratory.
What are fume hoods and how should they be used?
Fume hoods are designed to keep laboratory professionals safe while working with hazardous materials. They filter the air to prevent the inhalation of toxic particles that can lodge in the lungs and cause serious health implications.
What chemicals require a fume hood?
Applications. Fume hoods: Chemical fume hoods can be used to handle the following: odorous materials, toxic gases, reactive materials, corrosive chemicals, flammables or other toxic and volatile materials.
How do you use a lab hood?
Why is it important to work in the fume hood?
Fume hoods, or fume cupboards, work to ensure the safety of lab personnel while working with hazardous materials by continuously delivering airflow away from the user. When used properly, fume hoods can prevent users and the environment from toxic gases, explosions, and spills.
Why is it important to work in the fume hood during this step quizlet?
Why is it important to work in the fume hood during this step? Methanol gets very volatile at high temperatures. This solution poses several hazards, which of the following does not apply for the sodium hydroxide-methanol solution?
What is the difference between laminar flow and fume hood?
The biggest difference between the two lies in what they protect – laminar flow hoods protect your work from particulates while ductless fume hoods protect you from vapors and particulates when HEPA filters are used.
What is the purpose of a ventilation hood in the laboratory setting?
The primary function of a fume hood is to capture, contain and remove airborne contaminants. Definition: Airflow into a hood is achieved by an exhaust blower which “pulls” air from the laboratory room into and through the hood and exhaust system. This “pull” at the opening of the hood is measured as face velocity.
What types of hazards can a fume hood help protect the user against?
Fume hoods exhaust toxic, flammable, noxious, or hazardous fumes and vapors by capturing, diluting, and removing these materials. Fume hoods also provide physical protection against fire, spills, and explosion. Laboratory fume hoods only protect users when they are used properly and are working correctly.
How safe are fume hoods?
Fume hoods are the most reliable and efficacious method of reducing airborne exposure of laboratory personnel to hazardous materials. By following the basic rules of correct fume hood use, personnel exposure can be reduced to negligible levels.
Can you use flammable chemicals in a fume hood?
Keep the smallest amount of chemicals in the hood needed to conduct the procedure at hand. Store hazardous chemicals such as flammable liquids in an approved safety cabinet. Never use the hood to evaporate excess chemical waste. All chemical containers must be capped when not in use.
Is a fume hood considered PPE?
Personal Protective equipment (eye protection, gloves and lab coat) must be used to protect the skin that is exposed to the open area of the fume hood. Fume hoods are the primary engineering controls used to control inhalation exposures to hazardous substances in University research buildings.
What is the proper way of heating chemicals?
When heating chemicals in small or large batches, you should introduce heat gradually and evenly to your desired temperature. Be aware of your temperature ranges to avoid overheating, which can be dangerous as well as destructive and wasteful.
Where is the fume hood located in a lab?
Fume hoods should be located away from activities or facilities, which produce air currents or turbulence. Locate away from high traffic areas, air supply diffusers, doors, and operable windows. Air turbulence affects the capability of hoods to exhaust contaminated air.
How does a lab coat protect you?
Laboratory Coat Uses Provide protection of skin and personal clothing from incidental contact and small splashes. Prevent the spread of contamination outside the lab (provided they are not worn outside the lab.) Provide a removable barrier in the event of an incident involving a spill or splash of hazardous substances.
What lab injuries are most common?
The three most common types of laboratory accidents are chemical spills, fires and explosions, and personnel injuries. In any case, you should always remain calm, contact local emergency responders once you’ve moved to safety, and inform nearby people of what happened.
Should fume hood be closed when not in use?
All portable chemical containers must be removed from the hood when not being used and at the end of the working day. Caps on the bottles of chemicals being used in the fume hood should be tightly closed when not in use. Substitute with less hazardous or less volatile chemicals where possible.
When preparing work in the fume hood Are you sure?
When preparing for work in the fume hood, be sure to gather all necessary tools, glassware, and chemicals in advance to minimize the number of times the hood sash is raised and lowered. Work as much as possible in the middle of the work surface to keep the area tidy and promote air flow.
Why is it important to work methanol in the fume hood?
Why is it important to work in the fume hood during this step? A)Methanol gets very volatile at high temperatures. A)Methanol gets very volatile at high temperatures. There is some remaining sodium hydroxide-methanol solution that we have to dispose of.
What is the first thing you have to do if there is a fire in the lab?
should always pull the fire alarm and call 911 to evacuate the building and bring the fire department. ➢ Keep areas around all types of heating equipment clear of combustibles at all times. While working in a lab you notice that smoke is coming from a fume hood across the room.
What is the purpose of a laminar flow hood?
Laminar flow hoods protect the working environment from dust and other airborn contaminants by maintaining a constant, unidirectional flow of HEPA-filtered air over the work area.