Waist circumference is determined by placing a tape measure horizontally around the abdomen at the level of the iliac crest. Measurements should be taken at the end of a normal expiration. The tape measure should be snug but not compress the skin.
What is waist-to-hip ratio and how is it measured?
The waist–hip ratio or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. This is calculated as waist measurement divided by hip measurement (W⁄H). For example, a person with a 30″ (76 cm) waist and 38″ (97 cm) hips has a waist–hip ratio of about 0.78.
Is waist-to-hip ratio genetic?
Conclusions and Relevance A genetic predisposition to higher waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. These results provide evidence supportive of a causal association between abdominal adiposity and these outcomes.
How do you calculate the waist-to-hip ratio quizlet?
To calculate waist-to-hip ratio, divide the circumference of the waist by the circumference of the hip (38 waist divide 41 hips = 0.93 is the waist-to-hip ratio).
What is the normal waist-to-hip ratio?
The WHO advise that a healthy WHR is: 0.85 or less for women. 0.9 or less for men.
How do you measure waist for metabolic syndrome?
The World Health Organization and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) suggest measuring WC in the horizontal plane midway between the lowest ribs and the iliac crest (WC-mid).
How do you calculate waist to height ratio?
The waist-height ratio is calculated as waist measurement divided by height measurement, W ÷ H , in centimeters. For example, a person with a 28 in (71 cm) waist and 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) height has a waist–height ratio of 0.42 .
What is a 0.7 waist to hip ratio?
What waist-to-hip ratio is considered to be an hourglass? A. Ratios between 0.68 and 0.7 are considered hourglass proportions, which many women tag as ‘ideal’ proportions. However, whether a person has an hourglass shape also depends on the waist to chest ratio and not just on WHR.
How do you measure waist to chest ratio?
Determine your waist circumference by wrapping a measuring tape around your abdomen so that the bottom of the tape touches the top of your hip bones. 3. Divide the circumference of your shoulders (or chest) by that of your waist.
Is waist size genetic?
It depends. Some aspects of shape and size are more closely tied to genes than others, and the location of your fat makes a difference in your health.
Does genetics affect waist size?
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified common genetic variants that may contribute specifically to the risk of abdominal adiposity, as measured by waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio.
Is waist circumference genetic?
Discussion: These cross-sectional and longitudinal associations are consistent with genetic and behavioral predictors of waist circumference and WHR. Whereas the evidence for genetic influences is stronger for waist circumference, both body fat measures may be similarly influenced by the behavioral factors considered.
What is the ratio measure in BMI quizlet?
It is calculated by weight in kilograms divided by height in metres squared.
Which of the following measurements from participants indicates a healthy waist to hip ratio?
Which of the following measurements from participants indicates a healthy waist-to-hip ratio? – to calculate waist-to-hip ratio, divide the circumference of the waist by the circumference of the hip. The client’s ratio is 0.93. A healthy ratio for a man is below 0.95, so this is a healthy ratio for this client.
What is the best way to determine whether your body weight is healthy or unhealthy?
- If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range.
- If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, it falls within the normal or Healthy Weight range.
- If your BMI is 25.0 to 29.9, it falls within the overweight range.
- If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range.
Why is hip waist ratio important?
Your WHR is important because research suggests that if you are carrying excess fat around the waist, this abdominal — or visceral — fat makes you more likely to develop health problems, compared to people who carry fat mainly in their hips and thighs.
Is 0.72 a good waist to hip ratio?
Good (below 0.80) Generally if you have a ratio of 0.75 to 0.8 you are at low risk of weight-related disease but it is important to maintain your shape with a healthy diet and regular activity. The longer you can prevent central fat deposition, the longer and healthier your life will be.
How do I measure my insulin resistance for my waist?
Locate your hip bones and wrap a tape measure around your body just above them. A good spot to aim for is halfway between your hip bone and the lowest rib. In most people this spot should is just above the bellybutton but it can vary.
What waist circumference is metabolic syndrome?
This means having a waist circumference of more than 35 inches for women and more than 40 inches for men. An increased waist circumference is the form of obesity most strongly tied to metabolic syndrome.
How is obesity in the stomach measured?
Like the waist circumference, the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is also used to measure abdominal obesity. It’s calculated by measuring the waist and the hip (at the widest diameter of the buttocks), and then dividing the waist measurement by the hip measurement.
What is the perfect waist size for a girl?
For your best health, your waist should be less than 40 inches around for men, and less than 35 inches for women, although it may vary depending on race or ethnicity.
Is a 28 inch waist small?
Yes, a 28 inch waist is definitely small for a woman. In fact, a female 28″ waist is 11 inches smaller than average and is a strong indicator that your body is in good health.
Is a 27 inch waist small?
If your waistline is 27 inches then you fall in the standard of having a very small waist.
Is 0.8 waist to hip ratio good?
Where and how much fat is stored in your body can seriously affect your health. The ideal waist to hip ratio for women is below 0.8 and for men is less than 0.9. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), men with a WHR higher than 0.9 and women with a WHR above 0.8 are considered obese.
Is 38 hip size big?
Are 38 inch hips big for a woman? Statistically, 38 inch hips are two inches smaller than average for an American woman. However, many people would consider 38 inch hips to be quite large for a female, especially if you also have a narrow waist in comparison with your hips.