Our social networks, personal interactions, and relationships are determined by both our genes and the world around us. Some behaviors may have a genetic basis, but genes do not actually control behavior. Rather, our genetic makeup influences how we interact with and respond to our surroundings.
How does the biological approach explain abnormal Behaviour?
The biological approach to psychopathology believes that disorders have an organic or physical cause. The focus of this approach is on genetics, neurotransmitters, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy etc. The approach argues that mental disorders are related to the physical structure and functioning of the brain.
What are the 4 biological explanations of behavior?
Surname 1 Name Instructor Course Date The four biological explanations of behavior include physiological, evolutionary, ontogenetic and functional. In terms of physiological, behavior is described as an activity of the brain.
How do biological processes influence psychological processes such as our mental processes and behaviors?
Biological processes influence psychological processes by providing the actual components that drive mental processes and behaviors. The occipital lobe takes in visual information, processing it to send to further forward lobes. The parietal lobe processes other sensory information, among its duties.
What is an example of biological approach?
An example of the biological approach to psychology would be the fear response. The fear response gives way to fight, flight, or freeze behaviors. Which course of action an individual takes in the presence of a stressor relies on their biological make-up.
Why is the biological approach important?
By looking at the biological bases of human behavior, psychologists are better able to understand how the brain and physiological processes might influence the way people think, act, and feel.
What is human behavior in biology?
human behaviour, the potential and expressed capacity for physical, mental, and social activity during the phases of human life. inherited reflex.
What are the main assumptions of the biological approach?
Assumptions (AO1) The main assumption of the biological approach is that our thinking and behavior are strongly determined by biological factors: structure and functioning of the nervous system. This in turn is influenced by genetic and evolutionary factors.
Is the biological approach nature or nurture?
While the Social and Learning Approaches both look at the importance of nurture (upbringing), the Biological Approach looks at nature, in particular the role of brain structure, body chemistry and genes.
What are biological factors in psychology?
By. n. Anything which affects the function and behavior of a living organism. Internally, this factor can be a physical, physiological, chemical, neurological, or genetic condition which causes a psychological effect.
How does damage to a biological process or part affect behavior?
3: How does the damage to a biological process or part affect behavior? Depending on the area of the brain that has sustained damage, effects on the brain can include but are not limited to memory loss, change in motor skills, change in visual skills, and change in the senses.
What are the biological causes influences of psychological disorders?
Biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, infections, exposure to toxins, brain defects or injuries, and substance abuse. Many professionals believe that the cause of mental disorders is the biology of the brain and the nervous system.
Who is associated with the biological approach?
It was Charles Darwin who introduced the idea that genes and evolution influence behaviour. The biological perspective analyzes human issues and actions.
Is the biological approach objective?
Additionally, the biological approach uses a range of highly scientific and precise methods such as scanning techniques (e.g. fMRIs, EEGs and drug trials), meaning measurements are objective and accurate, increasing the reliability of data, making the approach more internally valid.
What are the key characteristics of a biological perspective?
- There is a direct correlation between brain activity and cognition.
- Biochemical imbalances can affect behaviour.
- Brain physiology can affect behaviour.
- Behaviour can be inherited (as it is determined by genetic information)
What is the connection between biology and behavior?
On the one hand, biology influences behavior. For example, psychopharmacology has demonstrated the importance of neurochemical substances in the brain, and sociobiology has emphasized the role of genetic factors in behavior. On the other hand, behavior also influences biology.
What are the strengths of the biological approach?
One strength of the biological approach is that it is deterministic. This is a strength because it increases the likelihood of being able to treat people with abnormal behavior and provides explanations about the causes of behavior. This understanding can then be used to improve people’s lives.
What is the difference between biological and behavioral?
According to J Walker (2012) the behavioural perspective is based on behaviourism and is the study of observing behaviour when in certain contexts and events. The biological perspective however, explains behaviour by focusing on the function of the nervous system, genes and the brain.
What are the 5 important biological factors?
Biological factors include genetic influences, brain chemistry, hormone levels, nutrition, and gender.
What is biological components of a person?
In its simplest form, biological components strongly determine our physical characteristics such as eye color, height, hair color, body type, and general looks. Even if biology plays no direct role in our personality, the way we look certainly affects how we see ourselves and how others interact with us.
What is the biological perspective of psychological disorders?
The biological perspective views psychological disorders as linked to biological phenomena, such as genetic factors, chemical imbalances, and brain abnormalities; it has gained considerable attention and acceptance in recent decades (Wyatt & Midkiff, 2006).
What is biological treatment in psychology?
any form of treatment for mental disorders that attempts to alter physiological functioning, including drug therapies, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery. Also called biomedical therapy.
What are examples of biological risk factors?
Some of these biological risk factors include chromosomal and chemical abnormalities, genetic predisposition, medical illness, poor response to medication, poor sleep, substance abuse, brain damage, and already having a mental health disorder.
How do biological factors influence gender behavior?
Some personality characteristics such as empathy (higher in females) and aggression (higher in males) are also associated with pre-natal testosterone exposure (Hines, 2008). Hormonal surges in sex hormones (testosterone for boys, and oestrogen for girls) soon after birth may also affect gender development.
Does the biological approach have any treatments?
These therapies primarily involve the use of medications but also include direct methods of brain intervention, including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and psychosurgery.