Biological Approach in Health Care By helping the service user learn new techniques and coping strategies like self-soothing, and self-regulation. This means that the service user can then control their behavior without the need for medication, and they will learn how to act in different situations.
How is the biological approach used?
The biological approach believes behavior to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. Therefore, all that is psychological is first physiological.
What is an example of the biological approach?
An example of the biological approach to psychology would be the fear response. The fear response gives way to fight, flight, or freeze behaviors. Which course of action an individual takes in the presence of a stressor relies on their biological make-up.
A biosocial perspective, therefore, draws on models and methods from the biological, medical, behavioral, and social sciences. It conceptualizes the biological and the social as mutually constituting forces, and blurs boundaries between phenomena inside the body and outside of the body.
Why is the biological approach useful?
By looking at the biological bases of human behavior, psychologists are better able to understand how the brain and physiological processes might influence the way people think, act, and feel.
What are some examples of biological factors?
Biological factors include genetic influences, brain chemistry, hormone levels, nutrition, and gender.
What are the key features of the biological approach?
- There is a direct correlation between brain activity and cognition.
- Biochemical imbalances can affect behaviour.
- Brain physiology can affect behaviour.
- Behaviour can be inherited (as it is determined by genetic information)
How does the biological approach treat depression?
Biological treatments for depression involve antidepressant drugs. Examples are MAOIs, tricyclics and SSRIs. These drugs work by changing the brain’s chemistry, especially monoamines like serotonin and noradrenaline. SSRIs like Prozac work by preventing the reuptake of serotonin in the synapse.
What is the biological approach to personality?
The biological basis of personality is the theory which states that the anatomical structures located in the brain contribute to personality traits. This is derived from neuropsychology, a branch of science which studies how structure of the brain is related to various psychological processes and behaviors.
How does the biological approach explain abnormal Behaviour?
The biological approach to psychopathology believes that disorders have an organic or physical cause. The focus of this approach is on genetics, neurotransmitters, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy etc. The approach argues that mental disorders are related to the physical structure and functioning of the brain.
Who is associated with the biological approach?
It was Charles Darwin who introduced the idea that genes and evolution influence behaviour. The biological perspective analyzes human issues and actions.
How does the biological approach explain aggression?
The biological perspective of aggression looks at the physical characteristics that may influence a person into giving an aggressive response to a certain situation. The main focus for this perspective is the hereditary influence,the brain’s influence and the influence of chemicals.
What are the strengths of the biological approach?
One strength of the biological approach is that it is deterministic. This is a strength because it increases the likelihood of being able to treat people with abnormal behavior and provides explanations about the causes of behavior. This understanding can then be used to improve people’s lives.
What does the biological approach to psychology focus on?
The biological approach to psychology is one way to conceptualize and explain the human experience. The biological approach seeks to explain mental processes and behavior by focusing on the function of the nervous system at the cellular and structural level.
What are biological factors that influence human behavior?
Abstract. A growing body of evidence suggests that biological factors such as genes, hormone levels, brain structure, and brain functioning influence the development and trajectory of conduct problems in youth.
How does the biological approach explain addiction?
According to the biological model, each person’s unique physiology and genetics causes addiction. People differ in the degree to which they like or dislike a particular addictive substance or activity. Some people may enjoy a substance or activity so much that it becomes very tempting and difficult to resist.
What are biological factors in nursing?
Human development happens continuously throughout ones lifespan as we develop and change. Genes exemplify biological factors in human development. Some biological factors are visible, for example skin tone and hair color.
What are the biological determinants of health?
Biological determinants can be all the individual characteristics of a person that have biological background, including genetics, family predisposition, pathology, health status, anthropometry, body mass index (BMI)/adiposity, birth weight, physical fitness levels, age, sex, ethnicity, etc.
What are biological factors in health psychology?
Biological factors include inherited personality traits and genetic conditions. Psychological factors involve lifestyle, personality characteristics, and stress levels. Social factors include such things as social support systems, family relationships, and cultural beliefs.
What factors does the biological approach ignore?
Nature over nurture – mental illness has multiple causes, yet the biological approach focuses on just biology, tending to ignore life experiences and psychological factors such as how people think and feel.
Can biological theory affect human behavior?
Our social networks, personal interactions, and relationships are determined by both our genes and the world around us. Some behaviors may have a genetic basis, but genes do not actually control behavior. Rather, our genetic makeup influences how we interact with and respond to our surroundings.
What are biological interventions in mental health?
any form of treatment for mental disorders that attempts to alter physiological functioning, including drug therapies, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery.
What is a biological treatment for anxiety?
Serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), such as venlafaxine (Effexor, Wyeth/Pfizer) and duloxetine (Cymbalta, Eli Lilly), have been effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders. These medications also help to reduce neuropathic pain and may target the agonal component of anxiety.
What are the three major biological treatments for psychological disorders?
Biomedical therapies are physiological interventions that focus on the reduction of symptoms associated with psychological disorders. Three procedures used are drug therapies, electroconvulsive (shock) treatment, and psychosurgery.
How does biology influence our behavior?
Not only physiology, but also some forms of behaviour seem to be innate or predisposed by genes. Today, most scientists agree that genes alone do not cause behaviour, but merely influence how an individual will react to a particular set of environmental and biographical circumstances.