Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness.
Are seizures physical or psychological?
Epilepsy is not a mental illness. In fact, the vast majority of people living with epilepsy have no cognitive or psychological problem.
Are seizures physical?
A seizure is the physical changes in behavior that occurs during an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Does epilepsy count as a disability?
Is Epilepsy Considered A Disability? Epilepsy is considered a disability and it has a listing in the Social Security Administration (SSA) Blue Book. For epilepsy to qualify for disability benefits, it must meet the criteria of the Blue Book listing.
What type of disease is epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a chronic noncommunicable disease of the brain that affects people of all ages. Around 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally. Nearly 80% of people with epilepsy live in low- and middle-income countries.
What is the difference between epilepsy and seizure?
A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.
What are the 4 types of epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a common seizure disorder. There are four main types of epilepsy: focal, generalized, combination focal and generalized, and unknown. A doctor generally diagnoses someone with epilepsy if they have had two or more unprovoked seizures.
Does epilepsy affect IQ?
Our study indicates that as a group, children with symptomatic epilepsy have lower IQs when tested within two weeks of their first seizure. The lower mean IQ scores of symptomatic epileptic populations are probably caused by preexist- ing deficits rather than by either clinical seizures or drug therapy.
What triggers epilepsy?
Missed medication, lack of sleep, stress, alcohol, and menstruation are some of the most common triggers, but there are many more. Flashing lights can cause seizures in some people, but it’s much less frequent than you might imagine.
What is epilepsy caused from?
It’s possible it could be partly caused by your genes affecting how your brain works, as around 1 in 3 people with epilepsy have a family member with it. Occasionally, epilepsy can be caused by damage to the brain, such as damage from: a stroke. a brain tumour.
Which famous people have epilepsy?
- Aga tha Christie. Born in 1890 was an English crime writer of novels, short stories and plays.
- Leonardo Da Vinci.
- Alfred Nobel.
- Peter Tchaikovsky.
- Harriet Tubman.
- Charles Dickens.
- Danny Glover.
Can you drive if you have epilepsy?
Every state regulates driver’s license eligibility of persons with certain medical conditions. The most common requirement for people with epilepsy is that they be seizure free for a specific period of time and submit a physician’s evaluation of their ability to drive safely.
Does epilepsy affect memory?
The epilepsy may cause difficulties with being able to store memories. Research has shown that people with epilepsy are prone to forget things more quickly than others.
What jobs can I do with epilepsy?
- Service Animal Trainer. Getting a job as an animal trainer is one of the ideal jobs available for epilepsy patients.
- Data Entry. Data entry is suitable for epilepsy patients because it allows them to work at their own pace.
- Mental Health Counselor.
Does epilepsy get worse with age?
The incidence of any type of seizure increases substantially over the age of 60, commonly due to other neurological conditions such as dementia or stroke.
Are you born with epilepsy or does it develop?
It can also happen during birth. You may not get epilepsy until long after your brain injury — sometimes years later. Brain conditions. Most cases of epilepsy in people older than 35 happen because of brain damage from a stroke or even after brain surgery.
Can epilepsy be cured permanently?
But unlike with other brain-related conditions, about two dozen medications can successfully treat many cases of epilepsy. Although there is no cure, these anti-seizure drugs turn the disease into a chronic, but well-managed condition for many to the point where it barely interferes with life.
Do seizures show up on MRI?
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy uses an MRI machine to analyze the molecular components of tissue in a particular area of the brain. This helps doctors differentiate a seizure from another condition, such as a metabolic disorder, tumor, or stroke.
Can you have epilepsy but no seizures?
When seizures become a consistent problem, this condition is called epilepsy. You may have a seizure without having epilepsy, but you can’t have epilepsy without seizures — even if they don’t cause obvious effects. Find out what distinguishes these seizures from epilepsy and what you can do to manage these conditions.
What does a seizure feel like in your head?
You’re not likely to lose consciousness, but you might feel sweaty or nauseated. Complex focal seizures: These usually happen in the part of your brain that controls emotion and memory. You may lose consciousness but still look like you’re awake, or you may do things like gag, smack your lips, laugh, or cry.
What is the mildest form of epilepsy?
Absence seizures (formerly called “petit mal” seizures) are very brief and do not cause the person to fall or have significant shaking movements. Typical absence seizures involve a sudden cessation of movement, with staring and sometimes with blinking.
How do you test for epilepsy?
Electroencephalogram (EEG). This is the most common test used to diagnose epilepsy. In this test, electrodes are attached to your scalp with a paste-like substance or cap. The electrodes record the electrical activity of your brain.
Is epilepsy inherited?
Experts believe that, in many cases, genetic predisposition combined with environmental conditions lead to epilepsy. About 30 to 40 percent of epilepsy is caused by genetic predisposition. First-degree relatives of people with inherited epilepsy have a two- to four-fold increased risk for epilepsy.
Do seizures damage your brain?
Most types of seizures do not cause damage to the brain. However, having a prolonged, uncontrolled seizure can cause harm. Because of this, treat any seizure lasting over 5 minutes as a medical emergency.
Do people remember seizures?
In focal aware seizures (FAS), previously called simple partial seizures, the person is conscious (aware and alert) and will usually know that something is happening and will remember the seizure afterwards. Some people find their focal aware seizures hard to put into words.