The characteristics of Down syndrome include low muscle tone, short stature, a flat nasal bridge, and a protruding tongue. People with Down syndrome have a higher risk of some conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy.
How does Down syndrome affect physically?
People with Down syndrome are at increased risk for a range of other health conditions, including autism spectrum disorders, problems with hormones and glands, hearing loss, vision problems, and heart abnormalities.
What Are Down syndrome facial features?
People with Down syndrome often have a characteristic facial appearance that includes a flattened appearance to the face, outside corners of the eyes that point upward (upslanting palpebral fissures ), small ears, a short neck , and a tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
What are the common signs of a person with Down syndrome?
- Flattened face.
- Small head.
- Short neck.
- Protruding tongue.
- Upward slanting eye lids (palpebral fissures)
- Unusually shaped or small ears.
- Poor muscle tone.
- Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm.
Which physical characteristic is most indicative of an individual with Down syndrome?
In general, people with Down syndrome tend to be short in stature with short limbs. They may also have a larger than normal space between the big and second toes and extra-flexible joints.
Why are people with Down syndrome fat?
Misconception: All people with Down syndrome are overweight. Research suggests that both the thyroid and a lower metabolic rate contribute to people with Down syndrome being overweight.
Does Down syndrome affect height?
Short stature is a cardinal sign of Down’s syndrome. Complicating disorders, such as coeliac disease, hypothyroidism, and growth hormone deficiency may aggravate the growth retardation.
Why do Down syndrome have slanted eyes?
Slanting and a fold of skin (epicanthal fold) are normal in people of Asian descent. Abnormal slanting of the eye may occur with some genetic disorders and syndromes. The most common of these is Down syndrome. People with Down syndrome often also have an epicanthal fold in the inner corner of the eye.
How long do Down syndrome people live?
Jul 21, 2021. Over 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome in the United States each year. As recently as 1983, a person with Down syndrome lived to be only 25 years old on average. Today, the average life expectancy of a person with Down syndrome is nearly 60 years and continuing to climb.
Can a child have Down syndrome and not look like it?
Some of the children with Mosaic Down syndrome that we know do not actually look as if they have Down syndrome – the usual physical features are not obvious. This raises some important and difficult social issues and identity issues for both parents and children, which parents have discussed with us.
Is there a mild form of Down syndrome?
Mosaic Down syndrome cases can vary greatly. They can range from having very mild features to having most of the features of Down syndrome.
What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?
There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction), translocation and mosaicism. Trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) accounts for 95% of known cases of Down syndrome.
Can two down syndromes have a normal baby?
Many pregnancies in women with Down syndrome produce children both with normal and with trisomy 21, whereas males are infertile. However, Down syndrome males are not always infertile and this is not global. Here we reported a 36-year-old man with proved nonmosaic trisomy 21 fathered two normal boys.
Can someone with Down syndrome have normal intelligence?
scores for people with Down syndrome vary, with the average cognitive delays being mild to moderate, not severe. In fact, normal intelligence is possible. If a person with Down syndrome has difficulty with hearing, it can be misinterpreted as a problem with understanding.
Can males with Down syndrome reproduce?
Abstract. Men with Down syndrome are considered as infertile although the causes of infertility are not known in detail yet. Although this constitutes a general rule there are three confirmed cases of parenting by fathers with Down syndrome.
What gender is Down syndrome most common in?
Down syndrome appears to be more common among boys than girls, the study indicates. The condition is also seen more frequently in Hispanic children at birth, though the number of these children appears to level off with that of white children as they age. Black children appear less likely to have Down syndrome.
Is Down syndrome inherited from the mother or father?
There is no definitive scientific research that indicates that Down syndrome is caused by environmental factors or the parents’ activities before or during pregnancy. The additional partial or full copy of the 21st chromosome which causes Down syndrome can originate from either the father or the mother.
At what age do Down syndrome babies walk?
For example the average age for walking in typically developing children is 13 months and the range is 9-17 months, while the average age for walking in children with Down syndrome is 24 months and the range is 13-48 months.
Why do Down syndrome have thick necks?
Your health care provider uses abdominal ultrasound (not vaginal) to measure the nuchal fold. All unborn babies have some fluid at the back of their neck. In a baby with Down syndrome or other genetic disorders, there is more fluid than normal. This makes the space look thicker.
Do people with Down syndrome know they have it?
Most adults with Down syndrome are aware they have Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome live ordinary lives filled with extraordinary needs. You cannot have mild or severe Down syndrome. Either you have it or you do not.
What is the mental age of a person with Down syndrome?
Those with Down syndrome nearly always have physical and intellectual disabilities. As adults, their mental abilities are typically similar to those of an 8- or 9-year-old.
What are 3 interesting facts about Down syndrome?
- Down syndrome occurs in approximately one in 700 births.
- There are three types of Down syndrome.
- Down syndrome has been depicted in historical paintings from the 15th and 16th centuries.
- Prenatal screening for Down syndrome is available.
- Other health problems can occur with Down syndrome.
What do adults with Down syndrome struggle with?
Common conditions encountered in adults with DS include: AD, epilepsy, mood and behavioral disorders, visual and hearing impairment, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and autoimmune diseases, such as thyroiditis and celiac disease.
What is similar to Down syndrome?
Down syndrome, Edward syndrome and Patau syndrome are the most common forms of trisomy. Children affected by trisomy usually have a range of birth anomalies, including delayed development and intellectual disabilities.
Is Down syndrome autism?
Can a person with Down syndrome also have autism? Yes! In fact, about 16-18% of people with Down syndrome also have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Richards et al., 2015).