Hypotonic, isotonic and hypertonic solutions (tonicity).
How many types of solutions are there in chemistry?
What are the 3 types of solutions? Solid solution, Liquid solution, Gaseous solution.
What are the 3 types of solutions based on their phases?
Liquid Solutions: Solute phase: solid, solvent phase: liquid, Also known as solid in liquid solutions e.g. sugar in water. Solute phase: liquid, solvent phase: liquid, Also known as a liquid in liquid solutions e.g. ethanol in water.
What are the 3 types of solution based on concentration?
- Percent Composition (by mass)
- Mole Fraction.
What are solutions in chemistry?
A solution is a homogeneous mixture of one or more solutes dissolved in a solvent. solvent: the substance in which a solute dissolves to produce a homogeneous mixture. solute: the substance that dissolves in a solvent to produce a homogeneous mixture.
What is solution and its types?
A solution can be liquid, solid, or gaseous. Further, a solution can be a mixture of liquids, gases and solids. In some cases, like seawater, the solution consists of a great many different types of solutes, like salts, oxygen, and organic molecules.
What are the 2 types of solutions?
- Aqueous solution – When a solute is dissolved in water the solution is called an aqueous solution.
- Non-aqueous solution – When a solute is dissolved in a solvent other than water, it is called a non-aqueous solution.
What are the classification of solution?
The solutions can be classified on the basis of the state of the components, namely, solute and solvent. They are classified as gaseous solutions, liquid solutions, and solid solutions.
What are saturated unsaturated and supersaturated solutions?
What are isotonic hypotonic and hypertonic solution?
Hypotonic has a lower concentration of fluid, sugars and salt than blood. Hypertonic has a higher concentration of fluid, sugars and salt than blood. Isotonic has similar concentration of fluid, sugars and salt to blood.
What is dilute and concentrated solution?
A concentrated solution is one that has a relatively large amount of dissolved solute. A dilute solution is one that has a relatively small amount of dissolved solute.
What are examples of a solution?
Some examples of solutions are salt water, rubbing alcohol, and sugar dissolved in water. When you look closely, upon mixing salt with water, you can’t see the salt particles anymore, making this a homogeneous mixture.
What are three types of matter?
There are three states of matter: solid; liquid and gas. They have different properties, which can be explained by looking at the arrangement of their particles.
What is standard solution in chemistry?
A standard solution is a a solution of accurately known concentration prepared from a primary standard (a compound which is stable, of high purity, highly soluble in water and of a high molar mass to allow for accurate weighing) that is weighed accurately and made up to a fixed volume.
What is homogeneous and heterogeneous solution?
Homogeneous solutions are solutions with uniform composition and properties throughout the solution. For example a cup of coffee, perfume, cough syrup, a solution of salt or sugar in water, etc. Heterogeneous solutions are solutions with non-uniform composition and properties throughout the solution.
What are the 9 types of solutions?
- Solid-Solid Solution:
- Solid-Liquid Solution:
- Solid-Gas Solution:
- Liquid-Solid Solution:
- Liquid-Liquid Solution:
- Liquid-Gas Solution:
- Gas-Solid Solution:
- Gas-Liquid Solution:
What is the hypotonic solution?
Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.
What is called saturated solution?
A saturated solution is a solution that contains the maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved under the condition at which the solution exists.
What is saturated and supersaturated solution?
The solution obtained by dissolving maximum amount of solute at a given temperature is known as saturated solution. A solution which contains more amount of solute than that is required to saturate it is known as supersaturated solution.
What is the difference of saturated and supersaturated?
Saturated Solution is a solution with solute that dissolves until it is unable to dissolve anymore, leaving the undissolved substances at the bottom, whereas, Supersaturated Solution is a solution (with more solute than the saturated solution) that contains more undissolved solute than the saturated solution because of …
What are the 3 types of osmosis?
What are the three types of osmotic conditions that affect living cells? The three types of osmotic conditions include- hypertonic, isotonic, and hypotonic.
What is difference between isotonic and hypertonic?
If a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, water will leave the cell, and the cell will shrink. In an isotonic environment, there is no net water movement, so there is no change in the size of the cell. When a cell is placed in a hypotonic environment, water will enter the cell, and the cell will swell.
What is an example of hypertonic solution?
Hypertonic solutions have a higher concentration of dissolved particles than blood. An example of hypertonic IV solution is 3% Normal Saline (3% NaCl). When infused, hypertonic fluids cause an increased concentration of dissolved solutes in the intravascular space compared to the cells.
What is the difference of saturated and unsaturated solution?
A saturated solution is a solution that contains the maximum amount of solute that is capable of dissolving. An unsaturated solution is a solution that contains less than the maximum amount of solute that is capable of being dissolved.
What is the difference between saturated and concentrated solution?
A saturated solution is a chemical solution containing the maximum concentration of a solute dissolved in the solvent. A concentrated solution is a chemical solution containing a high amount of a solute dissolved in the solvent. Saturated solution contains the maximum amount of solutes that it can hold.