What are the examples of macro virus?

An example of a macro virus is the Melissa virus which appeared in March 1999. When a user opens a Microsoft Word document containing the Melissa virus, their computer becomes infected. The virus then sends itself by email to the first 50 people in the person’s address book.

What are the 3 types of viruses in biology?

Based on their host, viruses can be classified into three types, namely, animal viruses, plant viruses, and bacteriophages.

What type of virus is a macro virus?

A macro virus is a computer virus written in the same macro language used to create software programs such as Microsoft Excel or Word. It centers on software applications and does not depend on the operating system (OS). As a result, it can infect any computer running any kind of OS, including Windows, macOS and Linux.

What macromolecules are found in all viruses?

All viruses contain nucleic acid, either DNA or RNA (but not both), and a protein coat, which encases the nucleic acid.

What are the 7 classes of viruses?

  • Group I: double-stranded DNA viruses.
  • Group II: single-stranded DNA viruses.
  • Group III: double-stranded RNA viruses.
  • Group IV: positive sense single-stranded RNA viruses.
  • Group V: negative sense single-stranded RNA viruses.
  • Group VI: single-stranded RNA viruses with a DNA intermediate.

What are the 4 shapes of viruses?

Viruses come in many shapes and sizes, but these are consistent and distinct for each viral family. In general, the shapes of viruses are classified into four groups: filamentous, isometric (or icosahedral), enveloped, and head and tail.

Who created first macro virus?

Melissa. Melissa made history as the first macro virus with email worm trait and started spreading via email on March 26, 1999 infecting tens of thousands within hours. It was one of the most serious epidemics in Internet history.

What is the difference between program virus and macro virus?

A regular virus is written expressly to reproduce and spread from computer to computer. Most target the boot sector of your computer and activate when you start your system. Macro viruses, on the other hand, are often created by user error and are spread via the macro features of programs like Microsoft Word and Excel.

How do macro viruses work?

Macro viruses work by embedding malicious code into data files, such as documents and spreadsheets. This code is activated as soon as these files are opened or when macros are enabled, proceeding to infect other files on your device. Microsoft Word documents are common carriers of macro viruses.

What is types of virus?

  • Resident Virus. Resident viruses set up shop in your RAM and meddle with your system operations.
  • Multipartite Virus.
  • Direct Action.
  • Browser Hijacker.
  • Overwrite Virus.
  • Web Scripting Virus.
  • File Infector.
  • Network Virus.

What is the meaning of Myxovirus?

myxovirus, any of a group of viruses of the families Orthomyxoviridae (agents of influenza) and Paramyxoviridae, members of which can cause the common cold, mumps, and measles in humans, canine distemper, rinderpest in cattle, and Newcastle disease in fowl.

What language does a macro virus use?

Macro viruses are written using macro languages. A macro language is a command language that allows you to automate certain sequences in specific applications. Normally, this helps software such as Microsoft Word or Excel run smoothly with just a few keystrokes able to trigger a series of actions.

What are the four types of biological macromolecules?

A large, organic molecule such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

What are 5 characteristics of viruses?

These are: 1) attachment; 2) penetration; 3) uncoating; 4) replication; 5) assembly; 6)release. As shown in , the virus must first attach itself to the host cell. This is usually accomplished through special glycoprotiens on the exterior of the capsid, envelope or tail.

What are biological macromolecules?

Biological macromolecules are large cellular components abundantly obtained naturally and are responsible for varieties of essential functions for the growth and survival of living organisms. There are four important classes of biological macromolecules, viz., carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

What are the 5 classification groups for viruses?

Key Concepts. The first broad division used in virus classification separates viruses into vertebrate viruses, invertebrate viruses, plant viruses, bacterial viruses, and algae, fungi, yeast, and protozoan viruses.

What are the types of DNA viruses?

DNA viruses are divided into three major categories: double-stranded DNA viruses (eg, poxviruses), single-stranded DNA viruses (eg, parvoviruses), and pararetroviruses (eg, hepadnaviruses) which replicate their genome through an RNA intermediate.

How many families of viruses are there?

There are about 21 families and 65 genera of DNA viruses. Many DNA viruses must enter the host cell’s nucleus in order to replicate. The phylogenetic relationships between most viruses, including DNA viruses, are not well understood.

Which is the smallest virus?

AAV is the smallest DNA virus with an average size of 20 nm. AAV was discovered in 1965 as a defective contaminating virus in an adenovirus stock (Atchison et al., 1965).

Which is the largest virus?

Mimivirus is the largest and most complex virus known. Is it an evolutionary bridge between nonliving viruses and living organisms, or is it just an anomaly?

What are the 2 basic parts of a virus?

The simplest virions consist of two basic components: nucleic acid (single- or double-stranded RNA or DNA) and a protein coat, the capsid, which functions as a shell to protect the viral genome from nucleases and which during infection attaches the virion to specific receptors exposed on the prospective host cell.

Who named computer virus?

The term “computer virus” was coined in the early 1980s. Fred Cohen, then a Ph. D. student at the University of Southern California, came up with the idea of using self-replicating software, which spreads by attaching itself to existing programs as a way of attacking the security of multi-user computing systems.

What is the name of first antivirus?

In June 1988, in South Korea, Ahn Cheol-Soo released its first antivirus software, called V1 (he founded AhnLab later in 1995).

What is the difference between machine executable and macro viruses?

Machine executable viruses are attached to some executable program while a macro virus infects the content of popularly used applications. This means that a macro virus tends to be platform independent and you cannot use traditional file system access controls to keep the virus from spreading.

What is difference between virus and antivirus?

Virus is a computer program that has the ability of copying itself and infecting your computer. Antivirus is a computer software used in preventing, detecting and removing malware, like computer viruses, worms, spyware, Trojan horses, adware and spyware.

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