What are the psychological and physical effects of alcohol?

Long-term health risks of chronic alcohol use include heart, liver and digestion problems, cancer, immune system weakening as well as mood and sleep disturbances, and the development of other mental health problems, including depression and anxiety.

What are the physiological effects of alcoholism?

Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including: High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.

Is drinking physically or psychologically addictive?

Sustained substance abuse will lead to permanent changes in the chemical make-up of the brain, resulting in alcohol dependence and addiction. Alcohol is physically addictive because it alters the chemicals in your brain.

What are the psychological factors of alcoholism?

Problem drinking has multiple causes, with genetic, physiological, psychological,and social factors all playing a role. Not every individual is equally affected by each cause. For some alcohol abusers, psychological traits such as impulsiveness, low self-esteem and a need for approval prompt inappropriate drinking.

What are the physical and social effects of alcohol?

People who consume excessive amounts of alcohol will also have an increased risk of developing arthritis, cancer, heart disease, hyper- and hypoglycemia, kidney disease, obesity, nervous disorders, psychological disturbances and malnutrition. Alcoholism can also have serious health effects on unborn children.

What are 3 psychological effects of alcohol?

Alcohol abuse can cause signs and symptoms of depression, anxiety, psychosis, and antisocial behavior, both during intoxication and during withdrawal. At times, these symptoms and signs cluster, last for weeks, and mimic frank psychiatric disorders (i.e., are alcohol–induced syndromes).

What are the psychological factors of addiction?

  • Family history of addiction.
  • Being male.
  • Having another mental health disorder.
  • Peer pressure.
  • Lack of family involvement.
  • Anxiety, depression and loneliness.
  • Taking a highly addictive drug.

What does psychological addiction mean?

Psychological dependence is a term that describes the emotional or mental components of substance use disorder, such as strong cravings for the substance or behavior and difficulty thinking about anything else.

What is an example of physical dependence?

For example, increased exposure to nicotine can increase physical dependence and thereby make the effects of withdrawal stronger. During withdrawal, resumption of smoking provides rapid relief of withdrawal effects. This reaction may lead the smoker to believe that smoking in itself enhances mood…

What is the definition of physical addiction?

Listen to pronunciation. (FIH-zih-kul dee-PEN-dents) A condition in which a person takes a drug over time, and unpleasant physical symptoms occur if the drug is suddenly stopped or taken in smaller doses.

Which person would be most likely to develop alcoholism?

Age Factors Individuals in their early to mid-twenties are the most likely to abuse alcohol and suffer from alcohol use disorders. The younger that an individual starts consuming alcohol, the more likely they are to develop alcoholism later in life. This is especially true of individuals who start drinking before 15.

What is the physical appearance of an alcoholic?

Redness in the face, especially the nose and cheeks – There are many facial signs of alcoholism, including enlarged blood vessels, causing redness in the face. In the long term, these vessels can over-dilate, leading to spider veins on the skin.

What are the three main psychological theories of addiction?

This paper treats addiction as a problem of motivation, and reviews three main approaches to understanding motivation as applied to addiction: decision-theory, drive theory and behaviourism.

What are the psychological factors?

Psychosocial factors included social resources (social integration and emotional support), psychological resources (perceived control, self-esteem, sense of coherence, and trust), and psychological risk factors (cynicism, vital exhaustion, hopelessness, and depressiveness).

What type of psychology is addiction?

Addiction is a progressive psychiatric disorder that is defined by the American Society of Addiction Medicine as “a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry.” It is characterized by the inability to control behavior, it creates a dysfunctional emotional response, and it affects …

What does a physical addiction feel like?

Physical Addiction These addictions lead to physical symptoms – such as trembling or pain when the substance is deprived. Physical addictions also manifest physical symptoms of withdrawal. Withdrawal from some drugs, such at methamphetamines, can even cause seizures.

What are the early signs of addiction?

  • Not being able to recall events while drinking (also called blackouts);
  • Repeated conflicts with family members, friends or co-workers;
  • Recurring episodes of mood swings, depression or feeling irritable;
  • Using alcohol on a regular basis to relax;

What’s the difference between physical and psychological dependence?

Psychological dependency is defined as dependence on a substance. While physical dependence is associated with substance use disorders, this does not always happen. Marijuana is often classified as a non-physically addictive substance. Substance use experts classify it as psychologically addictive.

What are the 4 levels of addiction?

While there are many factors that contribute to drug and alcohol addiction, including genetic and environmental influences, socioeconomic status, and preexisting mental health conditions, most professionals within the field of addiction agree that there are four main stages of addiction: experimentation, regular use, …

What is the difference between physical and psychological?

The difference between physical dependence versus psychological dependence is physical dependence affects your body and psychological dependence affects your behavior.

What drugs are most likely to cause dependency?

Some drugs that cause dependence include nicotine, morphine, heroin (also known as diamorphine), cocaine, amfetamine and alcohol. In addition some people can become dependent upon medicines that are prescribed or bought from their local pharmacy.

Which of the following is a psychological risk factor for addiction?

Reviews of the psychosocial risk factors of adolescent alcohol and drug use suggest that the highest risks can be summarized as: 1) psychological functioning, 2) family environment, 3) peer relationships, and 4) stressful life events.

What is the difference between physical and psychological dependence quizlet?

What is the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence? Physical dependence is when a person has a chemical need for the drug. Psychological dependence is when the person believes that they need the drug to feel good.

What is the difference between physical dependence and addiction?

While addiction is classified as a disease, dependence is a state of being physically dependent on a certain substance. Addiction is rooted in your brain, but dependence occurs when your body as a whole becomes used to the effects of a drug and goes into withdrawal if you stop using that substance.

What are 5 factors that could lead to alcohol dependence?

  • Genetics and family history. If you have a parent or a close relative with alcohol addiction, your risk goes up.
  • Underage drinking.
  • Frequent drinking.
  • Mental health conditions.
  • Trauma history.
  • Male gender.
  • Social factors.
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