These theories are: social learning theory, social control theory, strain theory, cognitive transformation theory, life course theory, the social development model, rational choice theories, community-level theories, personality theories, cognitive-behavioral theory, and biosocial theories.
How does the biological approach relate to addiction?
According to the biological model, each person’s unique physiology and genetics causes addiction. People differ in the degree to which they like or dislike a particular addictive substance or activity. Some people may enjoy a substance or activity so much that it becomes very tempting and difficult to resist.
What is the biological theory of drug use?
Genetic or biological theories of substance use suggest that the individuals who are most likely to use and (especially) to become addicted to drugs are characterized by genetically inherited predispositions to these problems.
Addiction can be regarded as a disease on epidemiological grounds. From the public health perspective, addiction is a social disorder. Addiction results from environments engineered to exploit naturally vulnerable brains.
What are biological drugs?
(drug) Any substance (other than food) that is used to prevent, diagnose, treat, or relieve symptoms of a disease or abnormal condition.
What does the biological approach focus on?
Biological psychology, also called physiological psychology, is the study of the biology of behavior; it focuses on the nervous system, hormones and genetics. Biological psychology examines the relationship between mind and body, neural mechanisms, and the influence of heredity on behavior.
What are the biological effects of drugs?
They speed up messaging to and from the brain, making you feel more alert and confident. This can cause increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, reduced appetite, agitation and sleeplessness. In large amounts stimulants may cause anxiety, panic, seizures, stomach cramps and paranoia.
What is a biological perspective?
The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior. It is one of the major perspectives in psychology and involves such things as studying the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics.
What is the sociological theory of drug use?
A sociological perspective often views drug use and abuse as the product of social conditions and relationships that cause despair, frustration, hopelessness, and general feelings of alienation in the most socially disadvantaged.
What is biological factors in drug abuse?
Biological Factors A person’s unique biology—his or her genes, age, gender, and other factors—plays a role in his or her risk of experimenting with drugs and becoming addicted.
How does the behaviourist approach explain addiction?
Behaviorists reject the prevalent neuroscientific notion that drugs themselves are responsible for the development of addiction, and see addiction not primarily as a “brain disease,” but as a behavioral disorder that cannot be separated from the prevailing and historical contingencies of reinforcement.
What is a biological cause?
Biological factors consist of anything physical that can cause adverse effects on a person’s mental health. Biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, infections, exposure to toxins, brain defects or injuries, and substance abuse.
What is the difference between a biologic and a drug?
Drugs versus Biologics Most biologics are very large, complex molecules or mixtures of molecules. Many biologics are produced using recombinant DNA technology. A drug is typically manufactured through chemical synthesis, which means that it is made by combining specific chemical ingredients in an ordered process.
What is the classification of drugs?
The DRE categorization process is premised on these long-standing, medically accepted facts. DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: central nervous system (CNS) depressants, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, narcotic analgesics, inhalants, and cannabis.
What are the two classification of drugs?
Drugs can be categorised by the way in which they affect our bodies: depressants – slow down the function of the central nervous system. hallucinogens – affect your senses and change the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things.
What is an example of biological approach?
An example of the biological approach to psychology would be the fear response. The fear response gives way to fight, flight, or freeze behaviors. Which course of action an individual takes in the presence of a stressor relies on their biological make-up.
What are the examples of biological theory?
Some theories that fall under biological theories include homeostasis, evolution and natural selection, cell theory, and gene theory. Other theories that also fall under this umbrella include the germ theory of disease and the endosymbiotic theory.
What are the main assumptions of the biological approach?
Assumptions (AO1) The main assumption of the biological approach is that our thinking and behavior are strongly determined by biological factors: structure and functioning of the nervous system. This in turn is influenced by genetic and evolutionary factors.
What does biological activity mean?
Biological activity is “the capacity of a specific molecular entity to achieve a defined biological effect” on a target (Jackson et al., 2007), and it is measured by the activity or concentration of a molecule required to cause that activity, and biological activity is always measured by biological assay.
What are the five theories of addiction?
There are a variety of psychological approaches to the explanation of drug dependence, including emphasis on learning and conditioning (behavioural models), cognitive theories, pre-existing behavioural tendencies (personality theories), and models of rational choice.
What are the 4 types of drugs?
What are three theories of drug addiction?
The theories addressed here include: Negative Reinforcement-NR (“Pain Avoidance”) Positive Reinforcement-PR (“Pleasure Seeking”) Incentive Salience-IS (“Craving”)
What is the concern with biological and psychological theories of drug abuse?
From a sociological perspective, which is a concern with biological and psychological theories of drug abuse? They can’t explain the social or structural determinants of drug abuse.
What is psychological theory of addiction?
Psychological dependence is largely referred to as the cognitive and emotional aspects of addiction or withdrawal from drugs and alcohol. Rather than the body’s physical change as a result of drug abuse, the psychological model of addiction is centered on emotions related to using these substances.
Who is associated with biological approach?
Who Founded the Neuroscience/Biological Perspective. This theory was actually founded by Charles Darwin. This scientist studied the way that genetics and evolution interact within any society and the way that natural selection continues to provide ways for the human species to grow and to change.