Peroxides (inorganic), when mixed with combustible materials, barium, sodium, and potassium, form explosives that ignite easily. Phosphorus (P), both red and white, forms explosive mixtures with oxidizing agents. White (also called yellow) P should be stored under water, in glass, because it is pyrophoric.
How do you make an explosion in a chemistry lab?
What is the chemical equation for explosion?
1. Gas explosion can be simplified as an one-step, exothermic chemical reaction, as shown in Formula 1: CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O + 886.2kJ/mol (1) But in fact, the explosion is a very complicated branching chain chemical reaction.
What household chemicals will explode when mixed?
- Bleach And Ammonia. Both are cleaning equipment that exists in your everyday kitchen.
- Bleach and Rubbing Alcohol.
- Two Different Brand of Batteries.
- Potassium and water.
- Baking soda and vinegar.
- Mentos and Soda.
What reacts with water to make an explosion?
Water droplets (bottom frame) do not form spikes and do not, of course, react violently. For decades, science enthusiasts have delighted at the famously energetic way sodium and potassium explode on contact with water.
What two chemicals can start a fire?
When potassium chlorate and ordinary table sugar are combined, and a drop of sulfuric acid is added as a catalyst, the two react violently with each other, releasing large quantities of heat energy, a spectacular purplish flame, and a great deal of smoke.
What is the most explosive chemical?
Azidoazide azide is the most explosive chemical compound ever created. It is part of a class of chemicals known as high-nitrogen energetic materials, and it gets its “bang” from the 14 nitrogen atoms that compose it in a loosely bound state. This material is both highly reactive and highly explosive.
Can you make an explosive with sugar?
It’s easy to forget that sugar can be an explosive. In fact, it’s four times more powerful weight for weight than TNT. Forgetfulness here can have tragic consequences. In 2008, finely powdered sugar ignited at a refinery in Savannah, Georgia, causing a blast that claimed 14 lives.
What is a chem bomb?
Homemade chemical bombs (HCBs), also known as acid bombs, bottle bombs, and MacGyver bombs, are explosive devices that can be made easily from volatile household chemicals (e.g., toilet bowl, drain, and driveway cleaners) purchased at a local hardware or grocery store.
What can cause an explosion?
Many explosions occur when gases are exposed to a source of heat- such as fire, sparks, even static elec- tricity-or an increase in pressure. Explosions can also be caused by chemical reactions. For instance, when two or more incompatible substances are combined, they may explode.
What must be done to produce an explosion?
To create a simple explosion requires three essential ingredients: a means of ignition, a fuel source, and oxygen to support the rapid combustion, which, if confined, will produce an explosion.
What chemical reacts violently with water?
Water reactive chemicals are chemicals that react vigorously with moisture. The most common water sensitive chemicals include sodium, potassium, lithium metals and aluminum alkyls.
What elements react violently with water?
The alkali metals (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr) are the most reactive metals in the periodic table – they all react vigorously or even explosively with cold water, resulting in the displacement of hydrogen.
Can citric acid explode?
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS. Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. Decomposes above 175°C . The solution in water is a medium strong acid.
What two chemicals should never be mixed?
- Bleach and Ammonia = Toxic Chloramine Vapor.
- Bleach and rubbing alcohol = Toxic chloroform.
- Bleach and vinegar = Toxic Chlorine Gas.
- Vinegar and Peroxide = Paracetic Acid.
- Peroxide and Henna Hair Dye = Hair Nightmare.
What mixed with water causes fire?
Sodium reacts vigorously with cold water forming sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and hydrogen (H2). The reaction of sodium metal with water is highly heat producing due to which the hydrogen gas formed during the reaction catches fire and burns causing little explosions.
Can bleach start a fire?
Bleach is not considered flammable, but bleach with sodium hypochlorite could explode if exposed to high heat. When using bleach, its chemicals could strengthen a fire, as the chemicals are oxidizers.
What is C4 made of?
C4 was used during the Vietnam War as part of demolition blocks; today, it is commonly used in both military and civilian settings for demolition and flares. C4 is composed of RDX (91%), dioctyl sebacate (5.3%), polyisobutylene (2.1%), and mineral/motor oil (1.6%) .
Is C4 stronger than TNT?
C4 explosives have more complete destructive power compared to TNT and the number of effective explosives required to destroy the concrete with the strength of fc = 229.31 kg / cm2 is 122 g.
What is the fastest explosion?
Octanitrocubane has a detonation velocity of 10,100 m/s, making it the fastest known explosive.
Is water flammable?
The reason that water (in any state) is not flammable is that it is already the product of combustion. The chemical equation for this reaction is: 2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O. The reaction also releases a large amount of energy, mostly in the form of heat that causes the water vapor to expand rapidly to a large volume.
What kind of alcohol is explosive?
Isopropyl Alcohol can react with AIR and OXYGEN over time to form unstable peroxides that can explode. Isopropyl Alcohol forms explosive mixtures, when heated, with ALUMINUM.
Can flour be used as a bomb?
Flour can turn right into a hazardous dust bomb. Flour, a well-known product that is widely used in making bread, pizza and snacks, can sometimes turn into a hazardous and fatal “dust bomb”.
Are chemical weapons illegal?
The international community banned the use of chemical and biological weapons after World War 1 and reinforced the ban in 1972 and 1993 by prohibiting their development, stockpiling and transfer.
What is the deadliest chemical weapon?
VX is the most potent of all nerve agents. Compared with the nerve agent sarin (also known as GB), VX is considered to be much more toxic by entry through the skin and somewhat more toxic by inhalation.