What do lab values tell you?

Lab values are used to determine a patient’s overall health and well-being. There are many factors that can affect a patient’s result and lab values but some of the most common factors are gender, age, race, the medicines taken, and the presence of any underlying condition(s).

How do you read a CBC lab report?

When you get your report, you’ll see two columns: a “reference range” and your results. If your results are inside the reference range, they’re considered normal. If your results are higher or lower than the reference range, they’re abnormal.

What does it mean to interpret lab results?

Interpretation of a laboratory result requires that the result can be related to a relevant reference value. This can be the same patient’s earlier results, if this is possible, or be done by comparing to data from a “normal” population.

What are the 5 commonly used blood chemistry tests?

  • Kidneys and Urinary Tract.
  • Blood Test: Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
  • Blood Test: Glucose.
  • Urine Test: Microalbumin-to-Creatinine Ratio.
  • Urine Test: Creatinine.
  • Blood Test: Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)

How do you read a lab report?

  1. Negative or normal, which means the disease or substance being tested was not found.
  2. Positive or abnormal, which means the disease or substance was found.

What lab values are most important?

Here are important lab values for the complete blood count test: Red Blood Cells: Men- 4.32 – 5.72 million cells/ mcL; Women- 3.90 – 5.03 million cells/ mcL. White Blood Cells: 3500 – 9600 cells/ mcL. Platelets: Men- 135,000 – 317,000 cells/ mcL; Women- 157,000 – 371,000 cells/ mcL.

What does WBC mean in a blood test?

A WBC count is a blood test to measure the number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the blood. WBCs are also called leukocytes. They help fight infections. There are five major types of white blood cells: Basophils.

What if neutrophils are high?

Neutrophils help you fight infection. But sometimes, your neutrophils stay in the fight longer than necessary. If your bloodstream is teeming with too many neutrophils, you may develop leukocytosis or a high total white blood cell count. You may have symptoms such as fevers or recurring infections.

Why are lab results important?

Laboratory tests are often part of a routine checkup to look for changes in your health. They also help doctors diagnose medical conditions, plan or evaluate treatments, and monitor diseases.

Why are lab values important?

Lab values are used to determine a patient’s overall health and well-being. There are many factors that can affect a patient’s result and lab values but some of the most common factors are gender, age, race, the medicines taken, and the presence of any underlying condition(s).

What is abnormal blood chemistry?

An abnormal amount of a substance in the blood can be a sign of disease or side effect of treatment. Blood chemistry studies are used to help diagnose and monitor many conditions before, during, and after treatment. Also called blood chemistry test.

What labs are in a chemistry panel?

  • Glucose, a type of sugar and your body’s main source of energy.
  • Calcium, one of the body’s most important minerals.
  • Sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, and chloride.
  • Albumin, a protein made in the liver.
  • Total protein, which measures the total amount of protein in the blood.

How is blood analyzed in a lab?

The machine takes up a quantity of the blood and holds it in a thin glass tube. Beams of light are fired through the tube, counting cells and noting their type based on their interaction with the light. It also measures haemoglobin levels, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen around the body.

What does TNP mean in lab results?

Introducing the Test Not Performed (TNP) Report.

What does flag H mean on lab results?

A numeric result that is greater than the upper end of the reference interval will automatically flag as “H,” and a numeric result that is less than the lower end will automatically flag as “L.” Tests with a numeric result type for which no reference interval is defined in the LIS do not trigger any flags regardless of …

What are good lab results?

  • Potassium: 3.5 to 5.0 mmol/L.
  • Sodium: 135 to 145 mmol/L.
  • Chloride: 98 to 110 mmol/L.
  • Glucose: 70 to 100 mg/dL.
  • Calcium: 8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL.
  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 5 to 25 mg/dL.

How do you get good lab results?

For the most accurate blood test results, your blood should be drawn when you’re rested, Dr. Krajcik says. A workout before a fasting blood test can alter the results of cholesterol and glucose tests.

What lab values would indicate infection?

Neutrophils 1,500-8,000/mm3 Increase in bacterial infections, hemorrhage, diabetic acidosis. Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)

What happens if RBC and WBC are high?

Produced in your bone marrow, they defend your body against infections and disease. But, when there are too many white blood cells, it usually means you have infection or inflammation in your body. Less commonly, a high white blood cell count could indicate certain blood cancers or bone marrow disorders.

What does high RBC mean?

Definition. By Mayo Clinic Staff. A high red blood cell count is an increase in oxygen-carrying cells in your bloodstream. Red blood cells transport oxygen from your lungs to tissues throughout your body.

What is MCHC vs MCH?

MCH quantifies the amount of hemoglobin per red blood cell. The normal values for MCH are 29 ± 2 picograms (pg) per cell. MCHC indicates the amount of hemoglobin per unit volume. In contrast to MCH, MCHC correlates the hemoglobin content with the volume of the cell.

What does MCV mean in a blood test?

MCV stands for mean corpuscular volume. An MCV blood test measures the average size of your red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen from your lungs to every cell in your body.

What means hematocrit?

(hee-MA-toh-krit) The amount of whole blood that is made up of red blood cells. It depends on the number and size of red blood cells. A hematocrit test is usually part of a complete blood count (CBC). It may be used to check for conditions such as anemia, dehydration, malnutrition, and leukemia.

What will happen if lymphocytes count is high?

If your doctor determines that your lymphocyte count is high, the test result might be evidence of one of the following conditions: Infection (bacterial, viral, other) Cancer of the blood or lymphatic system. An autoimmune disorder causing ongoing (chronic) inflammation.

What is high hematocrit?

A higher than normal hematocrit can indicate: Dehydration. A disorder, such as polycythemia vera, that causes your body to produce too many red blood cells. Lung or heart disease.

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