What does catatonic mean simple?

Catatonia is a group of symptoms that usually involve a lack of movement and communication, and also can include agitation, confusion, and restlessness. Until recently, it was thought of as a type of schizophrenia.

What is an example of catatonic?

Characteristics of Catatonic Behavior In addition to a lack of mobility, erratic and extreme movement is possible in catatonic behavior. For example, a person might pace in a repeated pattern and make loud exclamations for no reason at all (i.e., not in response to an environmental stimulus or event).

What happens when catatonic?

Catatonia affects a person’s ability to move in a normal way. People with catatonia can experience a variety of symptoms. The most common symptom is stupor, which means that the person can’t move, speak, or respond to stimuli. However, some people with catatonia may exhibit excessive movement and agitated behavior.

What makes someone catatonic?

Catatonia is a syndrome of other underlying mood disorders, but it can also be caused by other factors, including other infections or taking prescribed or illegal drugs. Someone affected by catatonia may not be able to move, or may seem “stuck” in an odd, awkward posture.

What is a synonym for catatonic?

(also enigmatical), impenetrable, inscrutable, mysterious.

What is the opposite of catatonic?

Opposite of motionless and unresponsive, as from shock. alert. awake.

Can depression make you catatonic?

As many as 20% of people with autism will show the signs and symptoms of catatonia, while up to 50% of catatonia cases are the result of medical conditions. Schizophrenia and mood disorders like depression remain serious risk factors for catatonia.

What is catatonic excitement?

periods of extreme restlessness and excessive and apparently purposeless motor activity, often as a symptom of catatonic schizophrenia.

Is catatonic behavior a positive or negative symptom?

Catatonic motor behaviors are a type of disturbed behavior (and a negative as opposed to a positive symptom) that sometimes occurs when schizophrenia goes untreated. In catatonia, peoples’ reaction to their surroundings becomes remarkably decreased.

Can drugs cause catatonia?

Drug-induced catatonia has mostly been reported with psychotropic drugs, including fluphenazine, haloperidol, risperidone, and clozapine, non-psychotropic drugs such as steroids, disulfiram, ciprofloxacin, several benzodiazepines, as well as drugs of abuse, including phencyclidine, cannabis, mescaline, LSD, cocaine and …

Are people aware when they are catatonic?

Patients are fully aware and visual tracking is preserved. Overt signs of catatonia such as negativism and echophenomena may differentiate the two disorders, but more subtle presentations can make the two conditions difficult to distinguish[39].

How do you get bipolar depression?

Bipolar disorder often runs in families, and research suggests this is mostly explained by heredity—people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. Many genes are involved, and no one gene can cause the disorder. But genes are not the only factor.

What happens to the brain in catatonia?

Catatonia is often associated with brain imaging abnormalities (in more than 75% of cases). The majority of the case reports show diffuse lesions of white matter, in a wide range of brain regions. Most of the case reports of functional imaging usually show frontal, temporal, or basal ganglia hypoperfusion.

What is it called when you mimic someone?

Echopraxia (also known as echokinesis) is the involuntary repetition or imitation of another person’s actions.

Is catatonia a mental illness?

catatonic schizophrenia, rare severe mental disorder characterized by striking motor behaviour, typically involving either significant reductions in voluntary movement or hyperactivity and agitation.

What part of speech is catatonic?

CATATONIC (adjective) definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary.

What is catatonic type schizophrenia?

Catatonic schizophrenia affects the way you move in extreme ways. You might stay totally still and mute. Or you might get hyperactive for no reason. The new name for this condition is schizophrenia with catatonic features or schizophrenia with catatonia.

What is catatonic schizophrenia symptoms?

Symptoms of catatonic schizophrenia may include: stupor (a state close to unconsciousness) catalepsy (trance seizure with rigid body) waxy flexibility (limbs stay in the position another person puts them in) mutism (lack of verbal response)

What is the synonym for stupor?

Some common synonyms of stupor are languor, lassitude, lethargy, and torpor. While all these words mean “physical or mental inertness,” stupor implies a deadening of the mind and senses by shock, narcotics, or intoxicants.

What’s the definition for menacing?

Definition of menacing : presenting, suggesting, or constituting a menace or threat : threatening a menacing look menacing words [Harold E. Edgerton] …

What is the synonym of Gaunt?

Some common synonyms of gaunt are lanky, lank, lean, rawboned, scrawny, skinny, and spare. While all these words mean “thin because of an absence of excess flesh,” gaunt implies marked thinness or emaciation as from overwork or suffering.

What is emotional catatonia?

Catatonic depression is when catatonia occurs concurrently with depression. Catatonia is a state in which a person experiences marked disturbances in motor activity. Although generally thought of as reduced engagement and activity, it may also manifest as excessive or peculiar motor symptoms.

Can you go catatonic from anxiety?

Catatonia is often a presentation of extreme anxiety and depression. Missing the diagnosis of catatonia would lead to improper treatment, which could be life-threatening.

Is catatonia part of bipolar?

Catatonia was reported with higher prevalence in bipolar patients with a history of psychosis, which may in turn affect more than half of all patients with bipolar disorder [2]. In addition, catatonia has been associated with both manic and depressive states of bipolar disorder [3].

Can catatonia be caused by trauma?

Shorter and Fink have argued that catatonia is associated with fear and alarm triggered by trauma. It has been linked to the animal defense of tonic immobility in a predatory environment (20). In the children described, affective, fear, and severe trauma-related disorders are common (21).

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