What does the biological approach focus on?

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The biological approach believes behavior to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. Therefore, all that is psychological is first physiological.

What are the key features of the biological approach?

  • There is a direct correlation between brain activity and cognition.
  • Biochemical imbalances can affect behaviour.
  • Brain physiology can affect behaviour.
  • Behaviour can be inherited (as it is determined by genetic information)

What is an example of the biological approach?

An example of the biological approach to psychology would be the fear response. The fear response gives way to fight, flight, or freeze behaviors. Which course of action an individual takes in the presence of a stressor relies on their biological make-up.

Is the biological approach empirical?

Science. Biological psychology definitely self-identifies as an empirical science and applies scientific methodology to the study of the biological basis of mental processes and behavior.

What is one weakness of the biological approach?

One weakness of the biological approach is that it is nomothetic. This is a weakness because it develops theories about disorders and generalizes them to apply to everyone. It does not take into account the view that humans are unique.

What is the biological approach quizlet?

The biological approach states that everything that is psychological has a biological basis. This means that if we want to fully understand human behaviour we must look to biological structures and processes of the body, such as genes, neurochemistry and the nervous system.

What factors does the biological approach ignore?

Nature over nurture – mental illness has multiple causes, yet the biological approach focuses on just biology, tending to ignore life experiences and psychological factors such as how people think and feel.

How many assumptions does the biological approach have?

The biological approach to psychological research relies on three key assumptions: 1. Patterns of behaviour can be inherited, which means that we don’t only inherit our hair and eye colour from our parents and grandparents, but also our attitudes and behaviours. 2.

Why is the biological perspective important?

The biological perspective seeks to determine the psychological aspects of human behavior looking at evidence from genetic and neurological studies as well as studies of the immune system. Also known as biopsychology, it has played a major role in psychology from the beginning.

What is the biological approach to personality?

The biological basis of personality is the theory which states that the anatomical structures located in the brain contribute to personality traits. This is derived from neuropsychology, a branch of science which studies how structure of the brain is related to various psychological processes and behaviors.

When did the biological approach start?

The first human behavioral genetic research on intelligence and mental illness began in the 1920s, when environmentalism (the theory that behaviour is a result of nongenetic factors such as various childhood experiences) became popular and before Nazi Germany’s abuse of genetics made the notion of hereditary influence …

Is the biological approach deterministic?

The biological approach is determinist as it sees our behavior as caused entirely by biological factors over which we have no control. This encourages people not to take responsibility for their own actions and blame their genetic makeup.

Is the biological approach reductionist or holistic?

The biological approach to psychology is centered on understanding how the underlying biological processes contribute to human behavior. 4 This represents a type of reductionism because researchers are focused on a specific part of the human experience.

How is the biological approach different from the cognitive approach?

Biological psychology tries to explain how we think, feel and behave in terms of physical factors within the body. The mind lives in the brain (in contrast to the cognitive approach sees mental processes of the mind as being separate from the physical brain)

What are the strengths of biological theories?

Advantages. It is very scientific because the experiments used are measurable, objective and can be repeated to test for reliability. It is deterministic because it increases the likelihood of being able to treat people with abnormal behaviour and provides explanations about the causes of behaviour.

Can biological theory affect human behavior?

Our social networks, personal interactions, and relationships are determined by both our genes and the world around us. Some behaviors may have a genetic basis, but genes do not actually control behavior. Rather, our genetic makeup influences how we interact with and respond to our surroundings.

How does the biological approach explain aggression?

The biological perspective of aggression looks at the physical characteristics that may influence a person into giving an aggressive response to a certain situation. The main focus for this perspective is the hereditary influence,the brain’s influence and the influence of chemicals.

What is the scope of the biological perspective quizlet?

Which of the following is true of the scope of the biological perspective? It refers to the development connected with hormones, heredity, and reproduction. You just studied 33 terms!

What is the behavioral approach quizlet?

behavioral approach. posits that human behavior is shaped by the environmental conditioning and reinforcement.

What do you mean by cognitive approach?

Cognition refers to mental activity including thinking, remembering, learning and using language. When we apply a cognitive approach to learning and teaching, we focus on theunderstaning of information and concepts.

Does the biological approach have any treatments?

These therapies primarily involve the use of medications but also include direct methods of brain intervention, including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and psychosurgery.

What is a weakness of the biological model of abnormal behavior?

The weaknesses of the biological model are: The model does not explain the success of purely psychological treatments for mental illnesses. For most mental illnesses, there is no definite proof of a physical cause.

How do biological factors affect behavior?

A growing body of evidence suggests that biological factors such as genes, hormone levels, brain structure, and brain functioning influence the development and trajectory of conduct problems in youth.

What are the main assumptions of the learning approach?

Although proponents of these two perspectives differ in their view of how learning can be studied, both schools of thought agree that there are three major assumptions of learning theory: (1) behavior is influenced by experience, (2) learning is adaptive for the individual and for the species, and (3) learning is a …

Who created the biological approach?

Who Founded the Neuroscience/Biological Perspective. This theory was actually founded by Charles Darwin. This scientist studied the way that genetics and evolution interact within any society and the way that natural selection continues to provide ways for the human species to grow and to change.

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