The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is the international legal instrument for “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” that has been ratified by 196 nations.
Which of these is the primary goal of the Convention on Biological Diversity?
The objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity are “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources” (Article 1).
What are the objectives of CBD?
It has 3 main objectives: 1/ The conservation of biological diversity 2/ The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity 3/ The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
When was the Convention on biodiversity?
Its work culminated on 22 May 1992 with the Nairobi Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio “Earth Summit”).
Why is biological diversity important?
Biodiversity is essential for the processes that support all life on Earth, including humans. Without a wide range of animals, plants and microorganisms, we cannot have the healthy ecosystems that we rely on to provide us with the air we breathe and the food we eat. And people also value nature of itself.
What are the objectives of biodiversity?
Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives: To preserve the diversity of species. Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms.
What is the goal of biodiversity conservation?
Biodiversity conservation, the practice of protecting and preserving the wealth and variety of species, habitats, ecosystems, and genetic diversity on the planet, is important for our health, wealth, food, fuel, and services we depend on. It plays an integral role in supporting many sectors of development.
Which city is the host of Convention on Biological Diversity in 2022?
December 7 – 19, 2022 in Montreal, Canada, governments from around the world will come together to agree on a new set of goals to guide global actions through 2040 to protect and restore nature.
What is the mission of Cites?
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.
Who is called the Father of biodiversity?
Wilson. Awarded April 9, 2009. BOZEMAN — A two-time Pulitzer Prize winner known as the Father of Biodiversity will receive Montana State University’s Presidential Medal for Global and Visionary Leadership on Thursday, April 9. Entomologist Edward O.
How many countries have signed the CBD?
Signatories : 168. Parties : 196. United Nations, Treaty Series , vol.
Who runs the Convention on Biological Diversity?
Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, a national of the United Republic of Tanzania, is the seventh Executive Secretary to head the UN Biodiversity Convention. Ms. Mrema has worked with UNEP for over two decades.
What is an example of biological diversity?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What are 5 reasons why biodiversity is important?
- Biodiversity ensures health and food security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security.
- Biodiversity helps fight disease.
- Biodiversity benefits business.
- Biodiversity provides livelihoods.
- Biodiversity protects us.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is in the form of biological resources, including genes, species, organisms, and ecosystems. Thus, the four main levels of biodiversity are species, genetic, ecosystem, and global biodiversity.
How can we protect biodiversity?
Buying fewer products and making sure the products you do buy minimise the impact on biodiversity. Investing in ways that promote biodiversity. Reducing waste of consumer goods: food, clothes, electrical appliances, etc. Recycling.
What are the 10 ways to protect biodiversity?
- Government legislation.
- Nature preserves.
- Reducing invasive species.
- Habitat restoration.
- Captive breeding and seed banks.
- Reduce climate change.
- Purchase sustainable products.
What is the conclusion of biodiversity?
Conclusion: Most biodiversity resources are consumed by humans, so it is their primary responsibility to preserve and protect biodiversity to protect the earth. The richness of the species, the ecosystem, the environment and the sustainable growth of life on earth is important.
What are the 7 components of biodiversity?
- Genetic Diversity. Every species on Earth is related to every other species through genetic connections.
- Species Diversity. Species diversity is the variety of species within a habitat or a region.
- Ecological Diversity.
- Biodiversity Agreements.
- Human Impact.
What are the major threats to biodiversity?
The five main threats to biodiversity are habitat loss, pollution, overexploitation, invasive species, and climate change. Increased mobility and trade has resulted in the introduction of invasive species while the other threats are direct results of human population growth and resource use.
What are main causes of biodiversity loss?
- Climate change.
- Destruction of habitats.
- Invasive alien species.
- Overexploitation of the natural environment.
What are the three main goals of biodiversity Convention?
The Convention has three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
What is the theme of biodiversity 2022?
The theme in 2022 is “Building a shared future for all life”.
What is the slogan for this year world Biodiversity Day 2022?
The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is pleased to announce the Biodiversity Day 2022 slogan: “Building a shared future for all life”.