What happens during the translation process?

Translation takes place on ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm, where mRNA is read and translated into the string of amino acid chains that make up the synthesized protein.

What are the main things that happen during translation?

In translation, the cell uses an mRNA strand that it has just transcribed from its genetic code as a template to assemble proteins. The cell has just transcribed this mRNA strand from its DNA, and it now translates the mRNA’s nucleotide sequence into a chain of amino acids.

What happens during translation and what does it produce?

During translation, ribosomal subunits assemble together like a sandwich on the strand of mRNA, where they proceed to attract tRNA molecules tethered to amino acids (circles). A long chain of amino acids emerges as the ribosome decodes the mRNA sequence into a polypeptide, or a new protein.

What happens during translation quizlet?

What happens during translation? During translation, a ribosome uses the sequence of codons in mRNA to assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain. The correct amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNA.

What is the process of translation in DNA?

Translation is the process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. It occurs in the cytoplasm following DNA transcription and, like transcription, has three stages: initiation, elongation and termination.

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation proceeds in four phases: Activation, initiation, elongation, and termination. In activation, the correct amino acid is covalently bonded to the correct transfer RNA (tRNA).

What are 3 steps of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What are the 7 steps of translation?

  • Preliminary research before translating.
  • Translation of the text.
  • Proofreading of the translation.
  • Spell check.
  • Quality assurance.
  • Desktop publishing of the document.
  • Final revision before submission.

What are the 5 steps of translation?

  • Step 1: Scope out the text to be translated. The first step is to get a feel for the text you’re going to translate.
  • Step 2: Initial translation.
  • Step 3: Review the accuracy of the translation.
  • Step 4: Take a break.
  • Step 5: Refine translation wording.

What does translation produce?

In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.

What is the product of translation?

Answer and Explanation: The product of translation is protein. The translation is a process in which the genetic information contained in an mRNA is decoded into a specific sequence of amino acids to produce polypeptides or proteins.

What is the end product of translation?

The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide.

What is the process of translation quizlet?

Translation begins when a ribosome attaches to an mRNA molecule in the cytoplasm. As each codon passes through the ribosome, tRNAs bring the proper amino acids into the ribosome. One at a time, the ribosome then attaches these amino acids to the growing chain. Translation begins at AUG, the start codon.

What is produced during translation quizlet?

During translation, the cell uses information from messenger RNA to produce proteins.

What happens in the transcription and translation?

The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription, and that by which RNA is used to produce proteins is called translation.

What is involved in translation?

Translation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains).

How does translation work protein synthesis?

Protein synthesis is accomplished through a process called translation. After DNA is transcribed into a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule during transcription, the mRNA must be translated to produce a protein. In translation, mRNA along with transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomes work together to produce proteins.

What are the steps of translation in biology quizlet?

  • Initiation. -the ribosomes attaches at a specific site of the mRNA (the short codon-AUG) -The small and large ribosomal subunites combine.
  • Elongation. -peptide bonds join the amino acids together in sequence.
  • Termination. -The process ends when a stop codon is reached by tRNA.

What are the 8 steps of translation?

  • 1 – Source Language Files.
  • 2 – Scope Analysis.
  • 3, 4 and 5 – Translate, Edit and Proofread.
  • 6 – Format Document.
  • 7 – Quality Assurance.
  • 8 – Delivery.

What are the 6 steps of translation?

  • mRNA leaves the nucleus and migrates to ribosome.
  • mRNA binds to small ribosomal subunit.
  • tRNA brings an amino acid to the ribosome, where anticodon on the tRNA binds to the codon of the mRNA.
  • The amino acid bonds to its adjoining amino acid to form a growing polypeptide molecule.

What is the correct order of the stages of translation?

The correct order of stages of translation is initiation, elongation and termination. The first step is the aminoacylation or charging of tRNA.

How do translations work?

  1. Become fluent in another language.
  2. Get specialized training.
  3. Become certified.
  4. Target a specific industry and learn the terminology.
  5. Gain work experience.

Why is translation important in biology?

The process of translation can be seen as the decoding of instructions for making proteins, involving mRNA in transcription as well as tRNA. The genes in DNA encode protein molecules, which are the “workhorses” of the cell, carrying out all the functions necessary for life.

What is translation vs transcription?

The primary difference between translation and transcription is that translation involves converting material into another language, while transcription involves only the source language.

Where does a protein go after translation?

Proteins can be translocated into the ER either during their synthesis on membrane-bound ribosomes (cotranslational translocation) or after their translation has been completed on free ribosomes in the cytosol (posttranslational translocation).

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