What if I don’t get the second COVID-19 vaccine shot?

Maybe you thought it was like chickenpox — if youve had it once, youre immune forever, and you can put your worries away for good. Unfortunately, thats not the case. You can get COVID-19 more than once. Many times, in fact.

What are the consequences of not getting the COVID-19 vaccine?

COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger what doctors call a respiratory tract infection. It can affect your upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs).

Has anyone gotten COVID-19 after being fully vaccinated?

Side effects are not expected to differ from those associated with the current vaccine, which include redness and swelling at the vaccine site, as well as occasional fatigue, headache and muscle soreness, according to the CDC. More serious reactions are rare.

Which organ system is most often affected by COVID-19?

Moderna, Pfizer begin omicron booster roll out The shots — also known as bivalent vaccines —are designed to target both the original coronavirus strain and the currently circulating omicron subvariants BA.4 and BA.5.

Is it possible to achieve immunity without a vaccine for COVID-19?

CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said the new boosters could prevent as many as 100,000 hospitalizations and 9,000 deaths. She added that the shots could save billions in medical costs if people receive them at the same level as annual flu vaccine coverage.

What is the importance of getting vaccinated against COVID-19?

Compared to other SARS-CoV-2 variants, the Omicron variant is associated with generally less severe symptoms that may include fatigue, cough, headache, sore throat or a runny nose.

How many times can a person get COVID-19?

After recovering from COVID-19, most individuals will have some protection from repeat infections. However, reinfections do occur after COVID-19. We are still learning more about these reinfections.

What are the side effects of the new COVID-19 booster?

People who had severe illness with COVID-19 might experience organ damage affecting the heart, kidneys, skin and brain. Inflammation and problems with the immune system can also happen. It isnt clear how long these effects might last.

What is an Omicron booster vaccine called?

Vaccinations are the best option to developing immunity against the new coronavirus. In addition, the hope is that people who’ve been exposed to COVID-19 also develop an immunity to it. When you have immunity, your body can recognize and fight off the virus.

How effective is the new COVID-19 Omicron booster?

As we vaccinate as many people as possible, as quickly as possible, we can stop the spread of the coronavirus. A reduction in transmission of the virus means fewer opportunities for it to mutate, which can help prevent the emergence of any other strains.

What are some symptoms of the COVID-19 Omicron subvariant?

The good news is that COVID-19 vaccines are still expected to be effective at preventing severe disease, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19. In the U.S., infants, children, and adults ages 6 months and older are eligible to be vaccinated, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Is it possible to get reinfected after recovering from COVID-19?

Research shows that people continue to shed virus that can be cultured in a laboratory — a good test of the potential to pass along the virus — for about eight days on average after testing positive.

What organs could be affected by the long term effects of a severe COVID-19 disease?

After a positive test result, you may continue to test positive for some time after. You may continue to test positive on antigen tests for a few weeks after your initial positive. You may continue to test positive on NAATs for up to 90 days.

Can the COVID-19 virus affect your kidneys?

Like earlier coronavirus vaccines, the updated boosters will be free. The new boosters — the first changes since the mRNA vaccines were rolled out in December 2020 — target the BA.4 and BA.5 omicron subvariants dominant in the United States.

How does COVID-19 affect the heart and lungs?

The only bivalent boosters authorized are mRNA versions manufactured by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna. The U.S. government has bought 171 million bivalent vaccine booster doses—66 million from Moderna and 105 million from Pfizer. This is the first time mRNA vaccines have been updated.

How do you build an immunity against COVID-19?

Listen to pronunciation. (by-VAY-lent vak-SEEN) A vaccine that works by stimulating an immune response against two different antigens, such as two different viruses or other microorganisms.

How long does natural immunity last after a COVID-19 infection?

The booster shots target both the original strain of the coronavirus and the omicron BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants that most people are catching now. This double-barreled vaccine is called a bivalent vaccine.

What makes some people not get COVID-19?

The new booster is a bivalent vaccine, which means it contains two messenger RNA (mRNA) components of the coronavirus.

How does the COVID-19 vaccine help stop the spread of new strains?

The only bivalent boosters authorized are mRNA versions manufactured by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna. The U.S. government has bought 171 million bivalent vaccine booster doses—66 million from Moderna and 105 million from Pfizer.

Are the current COVID-19 vaccines effective?

The data showed that participants (all of whom were unvaccinated) who were given Paxlovid were 89% less likely to develop severe illness and death compared to trial participants who received a placebo.

What is the benefit of the COVID-19 vaccine for children?

Who is eligible? More than 200 million Americans are eligible for a bivalent COVID-19 vaccine booster. Pfizer’s bivalent booster is authorized for those 12 or older, while Moderna’s authorization is for patients 18 and up. Patients must complete a primary COVID-19 vaccine series before getting the booster.

Can you be infected with COVID-19 twice?

And while these symptoms arent typically a cause for concern, a runny nose and sore throat are also key symptoms of the now-dominant omicron subvariant of COVID-19, BA.2, leaving many people to wonder if their symptoms are simply allergies, or COVID-19.

How long can you be contagious with COVID-19 after testing positive?

People with COVID-19 and viral sinus infections may share similar symptoms, like congestion, sore throat, or cough. COVID-19 is much more serious than a sinus infection, though, and can be deadly. Both types of infections can be prevented through social distancing, masking, and frequent handwashing. If you have any symptoms that could be due to COVID-19, don’t try to self-diagnose. The best course of action is to get a test and self-isolate until you get a result.

How long could you test positive on a PCR test after having COVID-19?

If after five days you are fever-free for 24 hours without the use of medication, and your symptoms are improving, or you never had symptoms, you may end isolation. But if you’re still getting a positive test after six to 10 days, Arwady said you could still be contagious.

Is the new booster free?

COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger what doctors call a respiratory tract infection. It can affect your upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs).

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