What is a cultural bound syndrome?

Abstract. Culture-bound syndrome is a broad rubric that encompasses certain behavioral, affective and cognitive manifestations seen in specific cultures. These manifestations are deviant from the usual behavior of the individuals of that culture and are a reason for distress/discomfort.

What are examples of culture-bound syndrome?

Emotional distress appears to magnify this feature into a disabling social phobia that may respond to SSRIs. Another example of a culture-bound syndrome is hwa-byung in Korean women. In this syndrome, depression or suppressed anger may lead to complaints of an uncomfortable, yet nonpalpable, abdominal mass.

What are some of the physical symptoms associated with culture-bound syndromes?

Symptoms include attacks of crying, trembling, uncon- trollable shouting, physical or verbal aggression, and intense heat in the chest moving to the head. These ataques are often associated with stressful events (e.g., death of a loved one, divorce or separation, or witnessing an accident including a family member).

What are culture-bound syndromes and provide at least one example?

Culture-bound disorders may involve somatic expressions (e.g., temporary loss of consciousness or involuntarily clenched teeth), cognitions (e.g., a belief that one’s genitals are retracting into the body or a conviction that one has been abducted by extraterrestrial beings), or behaviors (e.g., extreme startle …

How is culture-bound syndrome treated?

Suggested approaches, include psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral interventions, relaxation techniques, and social skills development (Min, 2004). A community-based, culturally tailored nursing intervention is particularly effective in treating Hwa-Byung.

Is ADHD a culture-bound syndrome?

Due to this, ADHD can be argued to be a culture bound syndrome. A culture bound syndrome is defined as a “recurrent, locality-specific pattern of aberrant behavior and troubling experience” by the DSM-IV-TR(1). Generally, these syndromes occur in specific cultures.

Who might experience culture-bound syndrome?

The condition, known in Swedish as uppgivenhetssyndrom, or resignation syndrome, is believed to only exist among the refugee population in Sweden, where it has been prevalent since the early part of the 21st century.

Is depression a culture-bound syndrome?

Psychiatry must recognize the cultural causes of depression and make cultural expertise an essential element of its therapeutic arsenal. Depression is a culture-bound syndrome.

Is anorexia nervosa a culture-bound syndrome?

Abstract. Anorexia nervosa is presently considered a Western culture-bound syndrome. A cultural focus on dieting and ideals of thinness for women are assumed to be implicated in the disorder.

Why are culture-bound syndromes important?

Culture-bound syndromes provide a useful mirror for Western mental health professionals to examine their assumptions about the nature, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) defines and states the following about culture-bound syndromes.

Are culture-bound syndromes in DSM-5?

In the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), these conditions were termed “culture-bound syndromes”; the fifth edition of the DSM (DSM-5) includes them under “Cultural Concepts of Distress.”

What is a culture specific illness?

In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric (brain) and somatic (body) symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or culture.

What are 5 culture-bound syndromes?

Culture-bound syndromes include, among others, amok, amurakh, bangungut, hsieh-ping, imu, jumping Frenchmen of Maine syndrome, koro, latah, mal de pelea, myriachit, piblokto, susto, voodoo death, and windigo psychosis. Also called culture-specific syndrome.

Is bulimia nervosa a culture-bound syndrome?

Some researchers have argued that eating disorder diagnoses such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are culture-bound syndromes motivated by Western ideals of thinness, while others have emphasized the substantial biological and genetic components to eating disorders.

Is hikikomori a culture-bound syndrome?

Cases of hikikomori are often, but not always, classifiable as a variety of existing DSM-IV-TR (or ICD-10) psychiatric disorders. Hikikomori may be considered a culture-bound syndrome.

What is culture-bound theory?

Culture-bound is a term that indicates the native country’s culture is a trigger for a certain social behaviour or trend. By naming a trend culture-bound, it is easier to trace cause and therefore, perhaps, to find solutions or appropriate ways to respond, or not respond.

Which of the following is the most commonly diagnosed psychological disorder in the US?

The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, this disorder is highly treatable, but only around 37 percent of those affected actually receive treatment. It is common to be diagnosed with both anxiety and depression.

Why is DSM controversial?

There are two main interrelated criticisms of DSM-5: an unhealthy influence of the pharmaceutical industry on the revision process. an increasing tendency to “medicalise” patterns of behaviour and mood that are not considered to be particularly extreme.

Why are white children more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD?

One possibility is that white parents are more likely to seek diagnoses and treatments because they are more accepting of ADHD as a health condition. Limited research suggests that some parents may be attempting to obtain ADHD diagnoses and medications as a way to increase their children’s academic achievement.

Does race matter ADHD?

The best evidence suggests little or no difference in the true incidence of ADHD in different racial or cultural groups in the United States. Treatment rates, however, do vary significantly.

Is it ADHD or lack of discipline?

Individuals with ADHD tend to have a deficit in self- discipline. They tend to give up easily on tasks, become quickly bored with tasks, display frequent impulsive behaviors, and have difficulty sustaining effort and attention. One quality that all of these difficulties have in common is poor impulse control.

What are some examples of anxiety?

  • Feeling nervous, restless or tense.
  • Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom.
  • Having an increased heart rate.
  • Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
  • Sweating.
  • Trembling.
  • Feeling weak or tired.
  • Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry.

What is Susto caused by?

Susto, also known as “fright,” is one of the common folk illnesses seen in the Latino population. Illnesses from susto are believed to result from a shocking, unpleasant, or frightening experience that is believed to cause the soul to leave the body.

Which of the following is the most common type of anxiety disorder?

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) GAD is the most common type of anxiety disorder. The main symptom of GAD is excessive worrying about different activities and events.

What are universal disorders?

Universal disorder refers to the incidence of a particular set of symptoms as occurring across various cultures and circumstances and includes mental illnesses. Universal disorders focus on the genetic and biological factors contributing to the condition, in addition to cultural and contextual factors.

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