What is called translation?

Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.

Where is translation in biology?

In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus. The entire process is called gene expression.

What is translation in biology example?

But what is translation in biology? In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a particular sequence of amino acids. In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, it takes place on the ribosomes.

What is translation of DNA?

DNA translation is the term used to describe the process of protein synthesis by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum. Image Credit: nobeastsofierce / Shutterstock. The genetic information in DNA is used as a basis to create messenger RNA (mRNA) by transcription.

What is translation and example?

The definition of a translation is an interpretation from one language or situation to another. An example of a translation is “bueno” meaning “good” in Spanish. An example of a translation is telling a parent the meaning behind their teen’s facial expression.

What did you mean by translation?

Translation is the process of reworking text from one language into another to maintain the original message and communication.

What is translation simple?

1. : an act, process, or instance of translating: such as. : a rendering from one language into another. also : the product of such a rendering. : a change to a different substance, form, or appearance : conversion.

What is translation in DNA and RNA?

Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. It is essentially a translation from one code (nucleotide sequence) to another code (amino acid sequence).

What is translation and transcription?

Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

What is process of translation?

Listen to pronunciation. (trans-LAY-shun) In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.

What are 3 steps of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Why is translation important in biology?

The process of translation can be seen as the decoding of instructions for making proteins, involving mRNA in transcription as well as tRNA. The genes in DNA encode protein molecules, which are the “workhorses” of the cell, carrying out all the functions necessary for life.

Where is translation in DNA?

Translation takes place on ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm, where mRNA is read and translated into the string of amino acid chains that make up the synthesized protein.

Is DNA translation or transcription?

The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription, and that by which RNA is used to produce proteins is called translation.

What is the purpose of translation?

Translation, understood as the transfer of meaning (of a text) from one language into another language, is crucial for the transmission of information, knowledge and (social) innovations.

What are the 3 types of translation?

The three main types of translation are: Human Translation (HT) Machine Translation (MT) Post-Edited Machine Translation (PEMT)

What is translation and types?

Translation like powerful patent translation, as you might have heard, is the art of converting written words from one language to another. It consists of two types of languages, viz. source language and target language(s).

How do you describe translation?

A translation moves a shape up, down or from side to side but it does not change its appearance in any other way. Translation is an example of a transformation. A transformation is a way of changing the size or position of a shape. Every point in the shape is translated the same distance in the same direction.

What is your own definition of translation?

Translation is a mental activity in which a meaning of given linguistic discourse is rendered from one language to another. It is the act of transferring the linguistic entities from one language in to their equivalents in to another language.

What is the best definition of translate?

translated; translating. transitive verb. : to turn into one’s own or another language. : to transfer or turn from one set of symbols into another : transcribe.

What are the 4 types of translation?

  • Literary translation.
  • Professional translation.
  • Technical Translation.
  • Administrative translation.

What are the 7 steps of translation?

  • Preliminary research before translating.
  • Translation of the text.
  • Proofreading of the translation.
  • Spell check.
  • Quality assurance.
  • Desktop publishing of the document.
  • Final revision before submission.

What is meant by transcription in biology?

Listen to pronunciation. (tran-SKRIP-shun) In biology, the process by which a cell makes an RNA copy of a piece of DNA. This RNA copy, called messenger RNA (mRNA), carries the genetic information needed to make proteins in a cell.

What is transcription of DNA?

​Transcription Transcription, as related to genomics, is the process of making an RNA copy of a gene’s DNA sequence. This copy, called messenger RNA (mRNA), carries the gene’s protein information encoded in DNA.

Which is first transcription or translation?

Cell uses the genes to synthesize proteins. This is a two-step process. The first step is transcription in which the sequence of one gene is replicated in an RNA molecule. The second step is translation in which the RNA molecule serves as a code for the formation of an amino-acid chain (a polypeptide).

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