What is dependence What are its characteristics?

Abstract. It has become impossible in practice, and is scientifically unsound, to maintain a single definition for all forms of drug addiction and/or habituation. A feature common to these conditions as well as to drug abuse in general is dependence, psychic or physical or both, of the individual on a chemical agent.

What are two signs of physical dependence?

  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Apathy.
  • Low motivation.
  • Irritability.
  • Confusion.

What are three signs of physical dependence?

Symptoms of physical dependence can vary depending on the substance type, but can include changes such as weight loss, chronic fatigue, depression, anxiety, difficulty sleeping, and heart rate and blood pressure changes, and irritability, according to Cedars Sinai.

What is an example of physical dependence?

For example, increased exposure to nicotine can increase physical dependence and thereby make the effects of withdrawal stronger. During withdrawal, resumption of smoking provides rapid relief of withdrawal effects. This reaction may lead the smoker to believe that smoking in itself enhances mood…

What is a physical dependence?

Listen to pronunciation. (FIH-zih-kul dee-PEN-dents) A condition in which a person takes a drug over time, and unpleasant physical symptoms occur if the drug is suddenly stopped or taken in smaller doses.

What are the main symptoms of physical dependence on a drug?

Symptoms which may be experienced during withdrawal or reduction in dosage include increased heart rate and/or blood pressure, sweating, and tremors. More serious withdrawal symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and visual hallucinations indicate a serious emergency and the need for immediate medical care.

What is physical dependence quizlet?

Define physical dependence. A state of the body due to habitual drug use and which results in a syndrome when the use of the drug is reduced or stopped.

What is another term for physical dependence on a drug?

The words “addiction,” “tolerance,” and “physical dependence” are often used interchangeably when it comes to drug or alcohol use.

What is the difference between physical dependence and drug addiction?

While addiction is classified as a disease, dependence is a state of being physically dependent on a certain substance. Addiction is rooted in your brain, but dependence occurs when your body as a whole becomes used to the effects of a drug and goes into withdrawal if you stop using that substance.

What is mental and physical dependence?

Psychological dependence is associated with numerous emotional and cognitive symptoms, whereas physical dependence is typically associated with the development of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms that are not primarily emotional or cognitive in nature.

What is physical and psychological dependence?

Psychological dependency is defined as dependence on a substance. While physical dependence is associated with substance use disorders, this does not always happen. Marijuana is often classified as a non-physically addictive substance. Substance use experts classify it as psychologically addictive.

What type of tolerance is related to physical dependence?

The homeostat hypothesis of drug addiction states that tolerance and physical dependence may both represent adaptive processes, the body’s responses to drugs that change the internal milieu. This conceptual framework inextricably links physical dependence with functional tolerance.

What are the two types of dependency?

The dependence classification has two main categories — physical and psychological dependency.

What are the two most important symptoms of substance dependence?

Signs of dependence include: Tolerance to or need for increased amounts of the drug to get an effect. Withdrawal symptoms that happen if you decrease or stop using the drug that you find difficult to cut down or quit.

What are the six major characteristics of addictive behavior?

The addiction components model operationally defines addictive activity as any behavior that features what I believe are the six core components of addiction (i.e., salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, conflict, and relapse) (Griffiths, 2005).

Which example shows a physical dependence for tobacco?

Which example shows a physical dependence for tobacco? A person’s body chemically needs the drug. Which example shows a tolerance for tobacco? A person needs more cigarettes to achieve the same feeling.

What is the difference between psychological dependence and physical dependence on a drug quizlet?

What is the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence? Physical dependence is when a person has a chemical need for the drug. Psychological dependence is when the person believes that they need the drug to feel good.

What are the example of drug dependence?

It means that you need more and more of the same drug to give you the same feeling as the smaller amount you used when you first started taking that drug. Examples of some drugs that cause dependence include nicotine, morphine, heroin (also known as diamorphine), cocaine, amfetamine and alcohol.

What are the withdrawal symptoms of physical dependence?

  • Changes in appetite.
  • Changes in mood.
  • Chills or shivering.
  • Congestion.
  • Depression.
  • Fatigue.
  • Irritability.
  • Muscle pain.

When a person’s body is dependent on a drug?

Drug dependence occurs when you need one or more drugs to function. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) used to distinguish between dependence and abuse. Abuse was considered the mild or early phase of inappropriate drug use that led to dependence. People viewed dependence as a more severe problem than abuse.

What is drug dependence in simple words?

The current idea is summarized as follows: drug dependence is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by significant impairment that is directly associated with persistent and excessive use of a psychoactive substance. Impairment may involve physiological, psychological, or social dysfunction.

Which of the following drugs are most commonly linked to physical dependence quizlet?

Which of the following drugs are most commonly linked to physical dependence? Narcotics are most commonly linked to physical dependence.

What is psychological dependence quizlet?

psychological dependence. compulsion/desire to experience effects of drug because it produces pleasure or reduces discomfort.

What is meant by dependence and addiction quizlet?

Terms in this set (29) Definition of addiction. an emotional and mental preoccupation with the drug, despite negative consequences. Definition of drug dependence. An abnormal physiological state induced by repeated administration of the drug – leads to withdrawal when stopped. Definition of drug tolerance.

What does dependence and tolerance mean?

The main difference between tolerance and dependence is that tolerance refers to the body getting used to taking a substance and requiring higher doses. Dependence, however, refers to the physical or psychological symptoms that occur that make someone feel like they must continue taking a substance.

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