Ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is an alcohol, a group of chemical compounds whose molecules contain a hydroxyl group, –OH, bonded to a carbon atom. Ethanol is a colorless, flammable, chemical compound. It is found in alcoholic drinks. Its molecular formula is C2 H5OH.
What is alcohol considered in chemistry?
In chemistry, an alcohol is a type of organic compound that carries at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a saturated carbon atom. The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic drinks.
What does an ethanol level mean?
Example, a 100 mg/dL serum ethanol level is equivalent to a 0.10 (g/dL) BAC, or 0.10% (weight/volume). This means that one tenth of a percent of a person’s blood volume is alcohol or that a person has 1 part alcohol per 1000 parts blood.
Can you drink pure ethanol?
While ethanol is consumed when drinking alcoholic beverages, consuming ethanol alone can cause coma and death.
What is alcohol classification?
Alcohols may be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary, according to which carbon of the alkyl group is bonded to the hydroxyl group. Most alcohols are colourless liquids or solids at room temperature.
How many types of alcohol are there in chemistry?
There are three types of alcohol. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary alcohols. The classification is done in accordance with the carbon atom of an alkyl group is attached to the hydroxyl group.
Why is alcohol important in chemistry?
Alcohols are important in organic chemistry because they can be converted to and from many other types of compounds. Reactions with alcohols fall into two different categories. Reactions can cleave the R-O bond or they can cleave the O-H bond.
What is ethanol on a toxicology report?
Abstract. Ethanol (ethylic alcohol) represents the most commonly used drug worldwide and is often involved in clinical and forensic toxicology. Based on several reports, excessive alcohol consumption is the main contributing factor in traffic accidents, drownings, suicides, and other crimes.
What is the name of the blood test for alcohol?
The blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test.
What will your BAC be if you drink 3 beers in 1 hour?
The speed by which a man would reach this level would vary: At 100 pounds, a man would reach a BAC of 0.12 by drinking three drinks in less than one hour or four drinks over two hours. At 150 pounds, a man would reach this level by consuming six drinks over two to three hours.
Why does ethanol make a good fuel chemistry?
Ethanol has a higher octane number than gasoline, providing premium blending properties. Minimum octane number requirements for gasoline prevent engine knocking and ensure drivability. Lower-octane gasoline is blended with 10% ethanol to attain the standard 87 octane.
What is the chemical properties of alcohol?
Alcohols are organic compounds in which a hydrogen atom of an aliphatic carbon is replaced with a hydroxyl group. Thus, an alcohol molecule consists of two parts; one containing the alkyl group and the other containing functional group hydroxyl group. They have a sweet odour.
Is drinking alcohol ethanol?
The type of alcohol in the alcoholic drinks we drink is a chemical called ethanol.To make alcohol, you need to put grains, fruits or vegetables through a process called fermentation (when yeast or bacteria react with the sugars in food – the by-products are ethanol and carbon dioxide).
Is vodka just ethanol?
Vodka, by definition, is ethanol cut with water to at least 80 proof (40 percent purity). Despite its common sobriquet of “potato juice,” it’s actually pretty hard to make it from spuds—the tuber tends to produce more methanol (poison) than grain feedstocks, requiring additional distillation.
What is the difference between ethanol and alcohol?
Ethanol and alcohol are the same, and they have the same physical and chemical properties. Ethanol is a type of alcohol, and the two are formed by the fermentation of glucose by enzymes in yeast. Alcohol is any chemical having a ‘” OH functional group.
Can I drink 100 percent alcohol?
According to Livestrong.org, “The approximate lethal dose of 90 to 100 percent isopropanol for human adults is only 250 milliliters, or about 8 ounces.” Eight ounces. To put it in perspective: the average shot glass is 1.5 ounces. A can of Coke is 12 ounces. Ingesting only eight ounces of rubbing alcohol can kill you.
How do you name alcohols in chemistry?
Alcohol is named by identifying the longest straight carbon chain containing the -OH group. The -ane suffix is replaced with -anol and the location of the -OH group on the chain is designed by a number. The generic IUPAC name for alcohol is alkanols, and they are represented in reactions by the general formula R-OH.
Is alcohol a solution in chemistry?
A solution is defined as: “a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances” Alcohol alone would not constitute a mixture of multiple substances and would therefore not be a solution.
What are 3 categories of alcohol?
Alcohol beverages can be categorized into 3 main types: wine, spirits, and beer. Certain alcoholic drinks contain more alcohol than others and can cause drunkenness and alcohol poisoning more quickly and in smaller amounts.
Is water an alcohol chemistry?
Water is a molecular substance while alcohol is a chemical compound.
Is ethanol the only drinkable alcohol?
The Three Types Of Alcohol The only type of alcohol that humans can safely drink is ethanol. We use the other two types of alcohol for cleaning and manufacturing, not for making drinks. For example, methanol (or methyl alcohol) is a component in fuel for cars and boats.
Does all alcohol contain ethanol?
All alcohol drinks contain ethanol, but the amount can vary Whether you drink beer, wine or spirits, they all contain the same type of alcohol called ethanol. This is created when either fruits or grains are fermented to produce alcohol drinks.
Is alcohol organic or inorganic?
Chemical structure of alcohol Alcohols are organic molecules assembled from carbon (C), oxygen (O), and hydrogen (H) atoms. When 2 carbons are present, the alcohol is called ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol).
How long does alcohol stay in the blood after death?
Blood alcohol levels at autopsy are valid up to 48 hours after death when simple principles are observed in the collection and storage of samples.
What should your ethanol level be?
Commonly, the legal driving limit is ‘ 0.05% ‘ that is, 11 mmol/L or 0.05 g/100 mL. In some regions it is ‘ 0.08% ‘,that is, 18 mmol/L or 0.08 g/100 mL.