What is excretory system and its function?

The function of the excretory system to remove wastes from the body. These wastes include water, CO2, nitrogen, salts, and heat. Metabolism: The process of the body coverting food into energy. As a result of metabolism, there are waste products. Four organs of the Excretory system are lungs, kidneys, liver, and the.

What is the excretory system Short answer?

Human excretory system includes organs that facilitate the removal of nitrogenous wastes from the body. The main excretory organs include kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra. Kidneys filter the blood and urine is the filtrate obtained.

What’s in excretory system?

The excretory system in humans consists mainly of the kidneys and bladder. The kidneys filter urea and other waste products from the blood, which are then added to the urine within the bladder. Other organs, such as the liver, process toxins but put their wastes back into the blood.

What are the 4 types of excretory system?

The types are: 1. Kidney 2. Ureters 3. Urinary bladder 4.

Why is excretory system important?

The excretory system is crucial for the survival of an organism, ensuring that all functions of the body are carried out effectively and efficiently. This system is primarily involved in the removal of waste products from the body.

What are the three functions of the excretory system?

Excretory System Functions | Back to Top Collect water and filter body fluids. Remove and concentrate waste products from body fluids and return other substances to body fluids as necessary for homeostasis. Eliminate excretory products from the body.

What is the other name of excretory system?

Detailed Solution. The urinary excretory system, also known as the renal system, is responsible for transporting any unnecessary, dangerous, or excess material from the body.

What is the main organ of the excretory system?

The kidneys filter the wastes, including urea, salt and excess water, which are flushed out of the body as urine. The skin performs its excretory function via the sweat glands.

What is excretory system explain with diagram?

The excretory system in human beings includes a pair of kidneys, a pair of ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Kidneys remove the waste products from the blood and form urine. Kidneys are two bean-shaped structures located at the back of the abdomen, one on either side of the vertebral column.

What are the 5 organs in the excretory system?

Organs of excretion include the skin, liver, large intestine, lungs, and kidneys. All of them excrete wastes, and together they make up the excretory system .

What are the types of excretion?

  • Ammonotelism (Type of excretion- ammonia)
  • Ureotelism (Type of excretion – urea)
  • Uricotelism (Type of excretion – uric acid)
  • Aminotelism (Type of excretion – amino acids)
  • Guanotelism (Type of excretion – guanine)

What is the process of excretion?

excretion, the process by which animals rid themselves of waste products and of the nitrogenous by-products of metabolism. Through excretion organisms control osmotic pressure—the balance between inorganic ions and water—and maintain acid-base balance.

What are functions of kidneys?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream. The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels.

What is structure of kidney?

Structure. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are roughly the size of a fist. A tough, fibrous renal capsule surrounds each kidney and provides support for the soft tissue inside. Beyond that, two layers of fat serve as further protection. The adrenal glands lie on top of the kidneys.

How urine is formed?

Urine is formed in the kidneys through a filtration of blood. The urine is then passed through the ureters to the bladder, where it is stored. During urination, the urine is passed from the bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.

How many organs are in the excretory system?

Excretory Organs Organs of excretion include the skin , liver , large intestine , lungs , and kidneys (see Figure 16.2. 2). Together, these organs make up the excretory system . They all excrete wastes, but they don’t work together in the same way that organs do in most other body systems.

What are 4 facts about the excretory system?

  • Your kidneys filter liquid waste from your blood. The blood in your body passes through your kidneys about 400 times every day.
  • Your intestines make poop. The poop is stored in your rectum.
  • The lungs push out stale air when you exhale.
  • Your body is 70 percent water.

What is human excretion?

Excretion is the process of removal of toxic wastes from the body of an organism. The major wastes produced by us are: Carbon dioxide and Urea. Carbon dioxide is produced by the process of respiration and urea is produced by the decomposition of unused proteins in the liver.

What are the two main functions of excretory system?

The dual function of excretory systems is the elimination of the waste products of metabolism and to drain the body of used up and broken down components in a liquid and gaseous state.

What is excretory system introduction?

Introduction. The excretory system is a vital biological system that removes excess and waste products from the body to maintain homeostasis. Most of these products are in fact used and broken down components of metabolism that leave the body in the form of urine, sweat, or feces.

What are the two excretory organs?

The main excretory organs in the human beings are kidneys, lungs and skin. The kidneys are responsible for the filtration of the blood and the removal of wastes. The lungs help in the removal of the carbon dioxide and water vapour. The skin is responsible for the removal of salts, acids and water.

What is the largest organ in the body?

The skin is the body’s largest organ.

What are the two main waste products of urine?

Urine is about 95% water and 5% waste products. Nitrogenous wastes excreted in urine include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid. Ions such as sodium, potassium, hydrogen, and calcium are also excreted. Urine produced in the kidneys travels down the ureters into the urinary bladder.

What is the basic unit of kidney?

The basic unit of the kidney is the nephron, which consists of a glomerulus and a series of tubules lined by a continuous layer of epithelial cells.

What are the 4 excretory waste products?

Excretion is the physiological process of elimination of metabolic waste from the body. The excretory products include amino acids, urea, uric acid, carbon dioxide, water, and ammonia.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!