What is photosynthesis PPT?

DEFINITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS • Is the process by which autotrophic organisms use light energy to make sugar and oxygen gas from carbon dioxide and water. Occurs in plants, algae and some prokaryotes • Anabolic (small molecules combined) • Endergonic (stores energy) • Stored as carbohydrate in their bodies.

Where does photosynthesis take place PPT?

Photosynthesis in plants happens in the chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are full of thylakoids stacked in granum. The thylakoid membranes are lined by pigments such as chlorophyll and cartenoids. These pigments harvest light energy packets or photons when they absorb sunlight.

What is photosynthesis a level biology?

Photosynthesis is the method that plants and photoautotrophes utilize light energy to produce ATP via photophosphorylation in order to anabolise sugars. It is an energy transfer process, and almost all energy transferred to ATP in all organisms is derived from light energy trapped by autotrophs.

What is photosynthesis PDF?

Photosynthesis is a chemical process. that converts carbon dioxide into different organic compounds using solar energy. Oxygenic. and anoxygenic photosynthesis undergo different reactions in the presence and absence of. light (called light and dark reactions, respectively).

What is Calvin Cycle PPT?

• The Calvin cycle is not totally independent of light since it relies on ATP and NADPH, which are products of the light dependent reactions. • The light reactions of the Calvin cycle can be organised in to three basic stages : – 1) Fixation 2) Reduction 3) Regeneration.

What is the photosynthesis formula?

The process of photosynthesis is commonly written as: 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2. This means that the reactants, six carbon dioxide molecules and six water molecules, are converted by light energy captured by chlorophyll (implied by the arrow) into a sugar molecule and six oxygen molecules, the products.

What are the stages of photosynthesis in order?

Photosynthesis takes place in two sequential stages: The light-dependent reactions; The light-independent reactions, or Calvin Cycle.

How plants make their own food PPT?

How plants make food PPT?

24. 23 TO SUM UP Plants combine carbon dioxide from the air, and water from the soil to make glucose. The energy needed for this process comes from sunlight The sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll contained in the chloroplasts of the leaf.

How do you learn photosynthesis a level?

What is photosynthesis a level answer?

What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is the name of the process whereby organisms convert light energy from the sun into sugar and other organic molecules. They can then go on to use these substances as chemical energy, in the same way, that humans use food. Photosynthesis is essential for almost all life on earth.

How is ATP produced in photosynthesis A level biology?

the production of ATP involves electron transfer associated with the transfer of electrons down the electron transfer chain and passage of protons across chloroplast membranes and is catalysed by ATP synthase embedded in these membranes (chemiosomotic theory) photolysis of water produces protons, electrons and oxygen.

What are the 7 steps of photosynthesis?

  • Step 1-Light Dependent. CO2 and H2O enter the leaf.
  • Step 2- Light Dependent. Light hits the pigment in the membrane of a thylakoid, splitting the H2O into O2.
  • Step 3- Light Dependent. The electrons move down to enzymes.
  • Step 4-Light Dependent.
  • Step 5-Light independent.
  • Step 6-Light independent.
  • calvin cycle.

What is photophosphorylation PDF?

• This process takes place during Light Reaction of Photosynthesis in. Chloroplast and is different from the formation of ATP in mitochondria • Photophosphorylation is independent of respiratory oxidations.

What is photosynthesis explain with diagram?

Photosynthesis is the process of preparing food in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll. In this process, the plant uses water from the soil, carbon dioxide from the air. It occurs in green plants, certain algae, blue-green algae and bacteria.

Why C3 cycle is called so?

The conversion of CO2 to carbohydrate is called Calvin Cycle or C3 cycle and is named after Melvin Calvin who discovered it. The plants that undergo the Calvin cycle for carbon fixation are known as C3 plants. Calvin Cycle requires the enzyme ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase commonly called RuBisCO.

What is C3 and C4 pathway?

Definition. C3 plants use the C3 pathway or Calvin cycle for the dark reaction of photosynthesis. C4 plants use the C4 pathway or Hatch-Slack Pathway for the dark reaction of photosynthesis. Season. These plants are cool-season plants, commonly found in cool and wet areas.

How many ATP are produced in Calvin cycle?

Hence, the correct answer is ‘144 NADPH, 216 ATP’.

What is the symbol of photosynthesis?

The correct balanced symbol equation for photosynthesis is 6CO2 plus 6H2O is converted into C6H12O6 plus 6O2.

What are the two stages of photosynthesis?

While there are many steps behind the process of photosynthesis, it can be broken down into two major stages: light-dependent reactions and light-independent reactions.

What organelle is responsible for photosynthesis?

Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis, are in many respects similar to mitochondria. Both chloroplasts and mitochondria function to generate metabolic energy, evolved by endosymbiosis, contain their own genetic systems, and replicate by division.

What are the 3 types of photosynthesis?

There are three main types of photosynthetic pathways: C3, C4 and CAM. They all produce sugars from CO2 using the Calvin cycle, but each pathway is slightly different.

What is ATP in photosynthesis?

Likewise, plants capture and store the energy they derive from light during photosynthesis in ATP molecules. ATP is a nucleotide consisting of an adenine base attached to a ribose sugar, which is attached to three phosphate groups.

What factors affect photosynthesis?

The main factors affecting rate of photosynthesis are light intensity, carbon dioxide concentration and temperature.

How do plants make their food Class 4 PDF?

Plants make food in their leaves. The leaves contain a pigment called chlorophyll, which colors the leaves green. Chlorophyll can make food the plant can use from carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and energy from sunlight. This process is called photosynthesis.

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