(FIH-zih-kul dee-PEN-dents) A condition in which a person takes a drug over time, and unpleasant physical symptoms occur if the drug is suddenly stopped or taken in smaller doses.
What is an example of physical dependence?
If you experience physical symptoms when you stop taking drugs or alcohol, you have a physical dependence. When you have a physical dependence on drugs or alcohol, your brain and body have come to rely on them to function. That’s why when you go without these substances, you experience physical withdrawal symptoms.
What is substance use in psychology?
Substance use disorder encompasses varying degrees of excessive use of a substance, including: alcohol; tobacco; opioids; caffeine; cannabis; hallucinogens; inhalants; sedative, hypnotics, or anxiolytics; stimulants (e.g., amphetamine, cocaine); and more.
What is psychological dependence on a drug?
Psychological dependence on drugs or alcohol is the emotional, motivational, and mental addictive qualities that come with substance abuse.
What are the two types of dependence?
Physical dependence is considered tolerance and withdrawal. Psychological dependence is the dependence on the drugs or the substance of choice.
What is physical dependence on a drug called?
Physical dependence refers to the reliance on a substance to help a person get through the day. People may also refer to it as withdrawal syndrome, dependence syndrome , or abstinence syndrome, and it occurs when symptoms of withdrawal appear after a person stops taking a substance abruptly.
What is a physical craving?
You have that intense, urgent desire for drugs or alcohol. The desire becomes all you can think about – it hijacks your mind and overpowers your need for anything else and overrides your intention to stay clean.
What is physical dependence quizlet?
Define physical dependence. A state of the body due to habitual drug use and which results in a syndrome when the use of the drug is reduced or stopped.
What are the 4 levels of addiction?
While there are many factors that contribute to drug and alcohol addiction, including genetic and environmental influences, socioeconomic status, and preexisting mental health conditions, most professionals within the field of addiction agree that there are four main stages of addiction: experimentation, regular use, …
What are the 6 types of substance abuse?
What are the 6 different types of drug dependence? Within the above categories are six types of drug dependency: alcohol dependence, opioid dependence, hypnotics/sedative dependence, cannabis dependence, hallucinogen dependence, and cocaine abuse.
What’s substance use disorder?
Substance use disorders occur when the recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically significant impairment, including health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home.
What are the 6 types of substance abuse disorders?
- Opioid Use Disorder.
- Marijuana Use Disorder.
- Nicotine Use Disorder.
- Stimulant Use Disorder.
- Sedative Use Disorder.
- Hallucinogen Use Disorder.
- Alcohol Use Disorder.
What’s the difference between physical dependence and addiction?
While addiction is classified as a disease, dependence is a state of being physically dependent on a certain substance. Addiction is rooted in your brain, but dependence occurs when your body as a whole becomes used to the effects of a drug and goes into withdrawal if you stop using that substance.
What is the physiological process of addiction?
Drug addiction is defined as a chronic relapsing disorder that is comprised of three stages: preoccupation/anticipation, binge/intoxication, and withdrawal/negative affect.
What is psychological dependence on a drug quizlet?
psychological dependence. compulsion/desire to experience effects of drug because it produces pleasure or reduces discomfort.
What does dependance mean?
1 : a condition of being influenced and caused by something else. 2 : a state of having to rely on someone or something dependence on charity. 3 : trust entry 2 sense 1, reliance. 4 : addiction to drugs or alcohol.
What is the definition of Substance dependence?
Substance dependence is the medical term used to describe abuse of drugs or alcohol that continues even when significant problems related to their use have developed. Signs of dependence include: Tolerance to or need for increased amounts of the drug to get an effect.
What are 5 forms of drug abuse?
- Stimulant Abuse. Stimulants are substances that cause physical and psychological functions to speed up.
- Cocaine Abuse.
- Adderall Abuse.
- Meth Abuse.
- Opioid Abuse.
- Heroin Abuse.
- Prescription Painkillers.
- Sedative Abuse.
What are the example of drug dependence?
It means that you need more and more of the same drug to give you the same feeling as the smaller amount you used when you first started taking that drug. Examples of some drugs that cause dependence include nicotine, morphine, heroin (also known as diamorphine), cocaine, amfetamine and alcohol.
What does dependence and tolerance mean?
The main difference between tolerance and dependence is that tolerance refers to the body getting used to taking a substance and requiring higher doses. Dependence, however, refers to the physical or psychological symptoms that occur that make someone feel like they must continue taking a substance.
What is the meaning of drug tolerance?
Tolerance is a person’s diminished response to a drug, which occurs when the drug is used repeatedly and the body adapts to the continued presence of the drug. Resistance refers to the ability of microorganisms or cancer cells to withstand the effects of a drug usually effective against them.
What is a mental obsession?
An obsession is an unbidden, intrusive thought, image, or urge that intrudes into consciousness; attempts to dispel it are difficult and typically lead to anxiety. These thoughts, images, or urges are recognized as part of one’s own mental life. To varying degrees they are judged by the patient to be irrational.
Can you be mentally addicted to anything?
Psychological addiction can occur with essentially any substance. Psychological addictions tend to occur because of a substance or experience activating the pleasure center in the brain, which causes you to want to recreate those same pleasurable feelings in the same way.
Are cravings psychological or physical?
Cravings can be caused by either physical or psychological needs. Emotional cravings or eating triggers are usually caused by psychological needs, while hunger is a biological function of the body’s real need for food. Emotional cravings can lead to bingeing.
What is meant by dependence and addiction quizlet?
Terms in this set (29) Definition of addiction. an emotional and mental preoccupation with the drug, despite negative consequences. Definition of drug dependence. An abnormal physiological state induced by repeated administration of the drug – leads to withdrawal when stopped. Definition of drug tolerance.