Spinal traction is a form of decompression therapy that relieves pressure on the spine. It can be performed manually or mechanically. Spinal traction is used to treat herniated discs, sciatica, degenerative disc disease, pinched nerves, and many other back conditions.
How is traction done?
What Is Traction? In the medical field, traction refers to the practice of slowly and gently pulling on a fractured or dislocated body part. It’s often done using ropes, pulleys, and weights.
Do Physical Therapists use traction?
While systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines generally do not provide support for spinal traction in managing LBP without signs of nerve root compression, physical therapists in the United States commonly use traction.
Why is traction used in physiotherapy?
Traction is a manual technique designed to reduce pressure on affected vertebral discs that are causing pain. Traction is a manual ‘stretching’ of the spine which reduces pressure on the discs and therefore reduces the individual’s pain.
Can traction make back pain worse?
Although many people can attest to the fact that traction on the spine feels good, a 2013 review of medical literature by the Cochrane Back Group found that it has little or no effect on pain, ability to function, overall improvement, or the speed at which you can return to work after a low back injury.
How does traction relieve pain?
Traction is a therapeutic method to relieve pain by stretching and realigning the spine. Placing a stretch on the spine separates the vertebrae and helps to relieve direct nerve pressure and stress on the vertebral discs.
When is traction treatment used?
Traction therapy, or spinal decompression therapy, is a nonsurgical treatment that uses manual or mechanical means to stretch the spine and relieve pain among affected discs. This treatment repositions herniated or bulging discs, decreasing pressure on the back.
Why traction is given?
Most often, traction uses devices such as weights and pulleys to put tension on a displaced bone or joint, such as a dislocated shoulder. The tension helps put the joint back in position and keep it still. Traction is also used to keep a group of muscles (such as the neck muscles) stretched to reduce muscle spasms.
Can traction fix a bulging disc?
In conclusion, lumbar traction is both effective in improving symptoms and clinical findings in patients with lumbar disc herniation and also in decreasing the size of the herniated disc material as measured by CT.
Does traction really work?
strong evidence that there was no difference in short- or long-term outcomes from traction and placebo, sham or no treatment. moderate evidence that traction as a single treatment was no more effective than other treatments.
What is the difference between traction therapy and decompression therapy?
Traction is defined as the act of pulling or a state of being pulled. Decompression, on the other hand, is defined as the act of relieving pressure.
How often should you do lumbar traction?
The patient sits in the comfortable chair during the decompression session that stretches the spine and then relaxes it over the course of 12-15 minutes. Most patients require 12-24 sessions, about 2-3 times a week, for spinal traction to reduce back pain.
Does traction help a pinched nerve?
In addition to treating conditions that affect your vertebrae, it can treat issues with nerves and muscles around your spine, too. Cervical traction can be used to treat temporary conditions, including: Radiculopathy or other pinched nerves.
Why does traction help back pain?
Lumbar (low back) traction helps to separate the spaces between your vertebrae, the bones that make up your spine. In theory, slightly separating these bones can help take the pressure off pinched nerves (such as the sciatic nerve) to decrease your pain and improve your mobility.
Is traction good for your back?
Traction should not be viewed as a cure for back pain. It should also not be seen as the only solution for effective, long lasting pain relief. Ideally, you should treat traction therapy as part of your overall plan to treat the affected area.
What are the side effects of traction?
Experts think that traction expands the space between the vertebrae, increases the movement of the joints and stretches the muscles and ligaments around the vertebrae. Side effects are generally few, but can include headache, nausea, fainting and injury to tissue.
How often should you do traction?
Duration of cervical traction can range from a few minutes to 20 to 30 min, once or twice weekly to several times per day. Anecdotal evidence suggests efficacy and safety, but there is no documentation of efficacy of cervical traction beyond short-term pain reduction.
How can I traction my back at home?
What are the different types of traction?
There are two common types of traction. These include skin traction and skeletal traction.
How would you care for a patient with traction?
- Ensure that the traction weight bag is hanging freely, the bag must not rest on the bed or the floor.
- If the rope becomes frayed replace them.
- The rope must be in the pulley tracks.
- Ensure the bandages are free from wrinkles.
- Tilt the bed to maintain counter traction.
How long can you apply skeletal traction?
Skeletal traction is most often used for temporary stabilization if a delay in operative treatment is expected to be greater than 12 to 24 hours. Traction through the distal femur is most common.
Can you fix a bulging disc without surgery?
When the centre or nucleus of a disc pushes out and even passes through the wall of the disc, this is what we refer to as a herniated disc. The good news is that the vast majority of herniated discs can be treated without surgery using manual therapy and exercise or with IDD Therapy disc treatment.
How long does it take for lumbar traction to work?
Cohort studies suggest that the condition of many patients with a herniated lumbar disk improves in 6 weeks. In other words a conservative therapy is generally recommended for 6 weeks in the absence of a major neurologic deficit.
How do you decompress a spine while sleeping?
Lie on your back, and bend your knees slightly, putting a pillow beneath them at a 30-degree angle to support your lower back and decompress the spine. Add a pillow to support your neck and keep your head in a neutral stance.
Does traction help knee pain?
Knee joint traction therapy results in muscle relaxation, stimulation of dynamic muscle contractions, and inhibition of protective muscle reflections, all of which are instrumental in decreasing pain. Moreover, the increase in knee joint space due to continuous knee joint traction also helps reduce pain.