There are three major steps to translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit. During initiation the small subunit attaches to the 5′ end of mRNA.
What is translation in DNA simple definition?
Translation is the process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. It occurs in the cytoplasm following DNA transcription and, like transcription, has three stages: initiation, elongation and termination.
What is translation in biology example?
When the ribosome reaches a stop codon, it releases the mRNA strand and amino acid sequence. The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide.
What is translation in biology tRNA?
In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.
What is translation process?
Translation Translation, as related to genomics, is the process through which information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the addition of amino acids during protein synthesis.
What is the function of translation?
The function of a translation can thus be defined as “the application or use which the translation is intended to have in the context of the target situation”.
What is translation and example?
The definition of a translation is an interpretation from one language or situation to another. An example of a translation is “bueno” meaning “good” in Spanish. An example of a translation is telling a parent the meaning behind their teen’s facial expression.
What is translation and transcription?
Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.
Where is translation in DNA?
Where Translation Occurs. Within all cells, the translation machinery resides within a specialized organelle called the ribosome. In eukaryotes, mature mRNA molecules must leave the nucleus and travel to the cytoplasm, where the ribosomes are located.
Which answer best describes translation?
Correct answer: Translation refers to the processing of an mRNA script into a protein. This process utilizes ribosomes and tRNA. In translation, messenger RNA (which is produced by transcription from DNA) is decoded by a ribosome to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide.
What are 3 steps of translation?
Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.
What are the steps of translation?
There are three major steps to translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit.
What is translation and translocation?
Translation is the process of formation of protein from RNA. Translocation is the movement of materials in plants from the leaves to other parts of the plant.
How is RNA translated into proteins?
In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.
What is translation in DNA replication?
The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription, and that by which RNA is used to produce proteins is called translation.
What is involved in translation?
Translation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains).
What is translation and its importance?
Translation is more than just changing the words from one language to another. Translation builds bridges between cultures. It allows you to experience cultural phenomena that would otherwise be too foreign and remote to grasp through your own cultural lens.
What do we mean by translation?
Definition of translation 1 : an act, process, or instance of translating: such as. a : a rendering from one language into another also : the product of such a rendering. b : a change to a different substance, form, or appearance : conversion.
What is the difference between DNA transcription and translation?
Main Difference – Transcription vs Translation Transcription is the copying down of genes in the genome into RNA pieces. Translation is the decoding of the mRNA into proteins. The transcription of DNA into RNA and the translation of RNA into proteins are considered as the central dogma of molecular biology.
How do you describe translation?
A translation moves a shape up, down or from side to side but it does not change its appearance in any other way. Translation is an example of a transformation. A transformation is a way of changing the size or position of a shape. Every point in the shape is translated the same distance in the same direction.
What is transcription process?
Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). DNA safely and stably stores genetic material in the nuclei of cells as a reference, or template.
How do you remember transcription and translation?
What are three differences transcription and translation?
The product of transcription is RNA, which can be encountered in the form mRNA, tRNA or rRNA while the product of translation is a polypeptide amino acid chain, which forms a protein. Transcription occurs in the nucleus in eukaryotic organisms, while translation occurs in the cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum.
What are the 7 steps of translation?
- Preliminary research before translating.
- Translation of the text.
- Proofreading of the translation.
- Spell check.
- Quality assurance.
- Desktop publishing of the document.
- Final revision before submission.
What is translocation in biology?
(TRANZ-loh-KAY-shun) A genetic change in which a piece of one chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome. Sometimes pieces from two different chromosomes will trade places with each other.