So, the correct answer is option C- ‘Pollen’.
What is an example of a biological agent?
Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins.
What are the six biological agents?
- Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
- Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)
- Plague (Yersinia pestis)
- Smallpox (variola major)
- Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
- Viral hemorrhagic fevers, including. Filoviruses (Ebola, Marburg) Arenaviruses (Lassa, Machupo)
What are 4 biological agents?
Biological agents are bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi which can cause harm to human health, usually due to infection (some are toxic or can cause an allergy).
How many biological agents are there?
A biological agent is an infectious disease. They can be naturally occurring or be used in biological warfare. There are more than 1200 different kinds of biological agents, some of which can be used as biological weapons.
What is meant by biological agent?
Listen to pronunciation. (BY-oh-LAH-jih-kul AY-jent) A substance that is made from a living organism or its products and is used in the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of cancer and other diseases. Biological agents include antibodies, interleukins, and vaccines.
What are the four types of biological weapons?
- viral hemorrhagic fevers.
Is smallpox a biological agent?
No one has gotten smallpox naturally since 1977. However, it is possible that variola virus (the virus that causes smallpox) could be used in a biological attack (an intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops).
Which of the following is considered a biological exposure?
Potential exposures include needle sticks, animal bites, aerosol exposures, and other incidents potentially resulting in disease from a biological agent.
Which is biocontrol agent?
Biological Control Agent (BCA) can be defined as the use of natural efficient strains of any microorganisms or modified organisms that reduce the incidence or severity of diseases caused by plant pathogens. From: Microbial Management of Plant Stresses, 2021.
How do you find biological agents?
Current techniques for the detection of biological agents are based on the analysis and/or collection of aerosols. Point samples of soil or aerosol must undergo microscopy and culture methods for a definitive identification and count of the biological agent organisms present.
What are examples of biological weapons?
Historical biological weapons programmes have included efforts to produce: aflatoxin; anthrax; botulinum toxin; foot-and-mouth disease; glanders; plague; Q fever; rice blast; ricin; Rocky Mountain spotted fever; smallpox; and tularaemia, among others.
What are the characteristics of biological agents?
Characteristics of Biological Agents. a. Characteristics. Intrinsic features of biological agents which influence their potential for use as weapons include: infectivity; virulence; toxicity; pathogenicity; incubation period; transmissibility; lethality; and stability.
What are examples of biological hazards?
Sources of biological hazards may include bacteria, viruses, insects, plants, birds, animals, and humans. These sources can cause a variety of health effects ranging from skin irritation and allergies to infections (e.g., tuberculosis, AIDS), cancer and so on.
Which biological agent inspires the most fear?
There are many ways to implement a biological attack, but these are some of the most feared agents, from least to most threatening: Ebola virus — The virus takes about a week to kill the victim, and it spreads through direct contact.
What is the deadliest biological weapon?
Anthrax. Anthrax is probably No. 1 on the list of most likely biological agents because it’s naturally found in soil, is easily produced and lasts for a long, long time once disbursed. It’s odorless, colorless and tasteless, meaning it’s bad news as a sneaky weapon of mass destruction.
Are viruses biological weapons?
Biological and toxin weapons are either microorganisms like virus, bacteria or fungi, or toxic substances produced by living organisms that are produced and released deliberately to cause disease and death in humans, animals or plants.
Which of the following can be used as biological warfare agents?
Biological Warfare agents are microorganisms like virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa or toxins produced by them, that give rise to diseases in man, animals or plants, when deliberately dispersed in an area [Table 1].
Is anthrax a biological agent?
Anthrax as a weapon Biological agents are germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops. Anthrax is one of the most likely agents to be used because: Anthrax spores are easily found in nature, can be produced in a lab, and can last for a long time in the environment.
How are biological agents measured?
Methods based on physical properties and separation are good examples: mass spectrometry and gas or liquid chromatography. Mass spectrometry (MS) is a major analytical technique in which materials to be analyzed are converted into gaseous ions or otherwise characteristic fragments.
What are biological diseases?
Biological Disorders: disturbances of the normal state of the body or mind. Disorders of structure or function in an animal or plant. ( Oxford) Disorders may be caused by genetic factors, disease, or “trauma.” ( NCI3)
Is biological warfare illegal?
In particular, the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) bans the development, production, acquisition, transfer, stockpiling and use of biological weapons. Therefore, the use of biological agents in armed conflict is a war crime.
Are biological weapons worse than nuclear weapons?
This explains that biological weapons are much more dangerous than the nuclear weapons. Biological weapons have the power to destroy the massive population of species than nuclear weapons.
When was the first biological weapon used?
One of the first recorded uses of biological warfare occurred in 1347, when Mongol forces are reported to have catapulted plague-infested bodies over the walls into the Black Sea port of Caffa (now Feodosiya, Ukraine), at that time a Genoese trade centre in the Crimean Peninsula.
Which disease was used as a biological weapon?
Biological warfare agents Bacteria—single-cell organisms that cause diseases such as anthrax, brucellosis, tularemia, and plague.