Which layer of the Open systems interconnection model formats message packets?

In the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, the session layer is responsible for formatting message packets.

What represents networks physical layout?

A network topology is the physical and logical arrangement of nodes and connections in a network. Nodes usually include devices such as switches, routers and software with switch and router features. Network topologies are often represented as a graph.

What is the mapping of a physical network called?

Topology. The mapping of a physical network and logical interconnections between nodes.

What uses a public key known to everyone and a private key known only to the recipient?

Public key encryption uses a pair of keys: a public key for encryption and a private key for decryption. The sender uses the public key to encrypt the message, and receiver uses their private key to decrypt it.

What is a physical layout diagram?

A physical diagram is generally used to visualize the interconnection of network devices and other physical components. It displays the topology and the existence of physical links between devices. Mainly used by IT staff, a physical diagram visually documents the physical connections.

What is a physical network design?

The physical network design as the name implies, is the physical components used for installation. Physical layout of a network is the hardware on which the network topology is built. The elements of a physical network design consist of routers, cables, connecting cables, laptops, desktops, switches.

What is physical topology?

Physical topology refers to the interconnected structure of a local area network (LAN). The method employed to connect the physical devices on the network with the cables, and the type of cabling used, all constitute the physical topology.

What do you mean by topology?

Definition of topology The term network topology refers to the arrangements, either physical or logical, of nodes and connections within a network. It could be said that a topology explains how a network is physically connected, and how the information in the network flows logically.

What is topology and types of topology?

What is Topology? Topology defines the structure of the network of how all the components are interconnected to each other. There are two types of topology: physical and logical topology. Physical topology is the geometric representation of all the nodes in a network.

What is a private and public key?

Public Key: In a Public key, two keys are used one key is used for encryption and another key is used for decryption. One key (public key) is used to encrypt the plain text to convert it into cipher text and another key (private key) is used by the receiver to decrypt the cipher text to read the message.

What is public key vs private key?

Private key is used for both encrypting and decrypting the sensitive data. It is shared between the sender and receiver of encrypted data. Public key is used only for the purpose of encrypting the data. The private key mechanism is faster.

What is meant by private key?

A private key, also known as a secret key, is a variable in cryptography that is used with an algorithm to encrypt and decrypt data. Secret keys should only be shared with the key’s generator or parties authorized to decrypt the data.

What is Layer 3 of the OSI model?

Layer 3 of the OSI Model: Network Layer provides the functional and procedural means of transferring variable length data sequences from a source host on one network to a destination host on a different network, while maintaining the quality of service requested by the transport layer (in contrast to the data link …

What are the 4 layers of OSI model?

  • Physical Layer (Layer 1) : The lowest layer of the OSI reference model is the physical layer.
  • Data Link Layer (DLL) (Layer 2) : The data link layer is responsible for the node-to-node delivery of the message.
  • Network Layer (Layer 3) :
  • Transport Layer (Layer 4) :

Why is OSI model used?

The purpose of the OSI reference model is to guide technology vendors and developers so the digital communications products and software programs they create can interoperate and to promote a clear framework that describes the functions of a networking or telecommunications system that’s in use.

What is one type of network diagram?

There are two main types of network diagrams in project management: the arrow diagramming method (ADM), also known as “activity network diagram” or “activity on arrow”; and the precedence diagramming method (PDM), also known as “node network” or “activity on node.”

What is a topology diagram?

A network topology diagram is a visual representation of a network’s devices, connections, and paths, allowing you to picture how devices are interconnected and how they communicate with one another.

What is the name of circuit diagram?

Circuit diagram. A circuit diagram (also known as an electrical diagram, elementary diagram, or electronic schematic) is a simplified conventional graphical representation of an electrical circuit.

What are the types of physical network?

Physical networks vary both in size and in the type of hardware used. The two common kinds of networks are local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs).

What are the physical network topologies?

Physical network topology examples include star, mesh, tree, ring, point-to-point, circular, hybrid, and bus topology networks, each consisting of different configurations of nodes and links.

How do you create a physical network diagram?

  1. Select a network diagram template.
  2. Name the network diagram.
  3. Remove existing elements that you don’t need on your diagram.
  4. Add network components to the diagram.
  5. Name the items in your network diagram.
  6. Draw connections between components.
  7. Add a title and share your network diagram.

Is star topology physical or logical?

Star topology has become the dominant physical topology for LANs. The star was first popularized by ARCNET, and later adopted by Ethernet. Each node is connected directly to a central device such as a hub or a switch, as shown in Figure 5.17.

Is bus topology physical or logical?

Types of physical topologies are star, mesh, bus, and ring. Types of logical topologies are logical bus, and logical ring. It is an actual route concerned with transmission. It is a high level representation of data flow.

Why do we use physical topology?

The reason why we should be using physical topology. The network functions well with physical topology. The media type to be used can be easily found out in the topology. All the cables and media type is determined and the functions are better with the topology as it connects the network.

What is bus topology in computer?

Bus topology, also known as line topology, is a type of network topology in which all devices in the network are connected by one central RJ-45 network cable or coaxial cable. The single cable, where all data is transmitted between devices, is referred to as the bus, backbone, or trunk.

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